Location: Barcelona and Sant LlorenÃ§ de Montgai, Spain
Heralded as one of the most important research programs about the last testimonies of Neanderthals and archaeological art technology, "Barcelona - La Roca dels Bous" is part of the European project (POCTEFA), which combines the efforts of the University Autonomous of Barcelona, ArchaeoBarcelona and three countries: France, Spain and Andorra.
This program is divided into two parts. In the first one our participants will carry out archaeological work -fieldwork, laboratory and theory- in the Neanderthal archaeological site of La Roca dels Bous (50,000 B.C.E.), in Sant Llorenç de Montgai (Spain), which form part of the European Project POCTEFA. Here we will be in contact with and we will learn to use the most advanced technologies in the world of archeology with professors at the University Autonomous of Barcelona. We also will visit the Archaeological Park where we can find real-size replicas of the huts and their interiors of our ancestors and see how their quotidian life was. The Catalan Pyrenees are caracterized for having a great variety of archaeological heritage, with archaeological remains from the Middle Paleolithic and Neolithic to the Middle Ages.
The first 14 days we will excavate stratigraphic levels from 50,000 years ago in which we will find the remains left by the last testimonies southern European Neanderthals. The goal of this project is to explore and understand the social organization and the critical changes that drove Neanderthals to their disappearance during the Paleolithic.
The site utilizes advanced technology, not found in most other excavations. During the last two years the project has developed, exclusively for this site, a worlwide innovative digital system to classify the pieces found. This reduces the labeling time in half and the error rate from 40% to 1%. The novelty also lies in incorporating datamatrix codes that, by collecting information on site with a handheld device, allows you to have control of the artifacts and access to more information available in the network. The methodology used in La Roca dels Bous is starting to be adapted to other archaeological investigations across Europe. Participants will learn to use these innovative technologies.
The last four days we will travel to Barcelona to carry out different cultural tours around the city. The city of Barcelona has a very ancient history and the city has much to offer.
The Monuments and Modernism tour allows us to see the most important sites of the city, such as The Cathedral of Barcelona or La Sagrada Familia, La Pedrera and the Park Güell of Gaudi, among others. There are also the Archaeological tour and the Museum Tour.
Period(s) of Occupation: Middle Paleolithic
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 16 June to July 3, 2013
Room and Board Arrangements
de la Torre, I., J. Martínez-Moreno and R. Mora (2012). "When bones are not enough: Lithic refits and occupation dynamics in the Middle Palaeolithic level 10 of Roca dels Bous (Catalunya, Spain)." In Bones for tools - tools for bones. The interplay between objects and objectives., K. Seetah and B. Gravina , eds. Cambridge, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research: 9-19.
Martínez-Moreno, J., P. González Marcén and R. Mora Torcal (2011). "Data matrix (DM) codes: A technological process for the management of the archaeological record." Journal of Cultural Heritage 12(2): 134-139.