Location: Sozopol, Bulgaria, Bulgaria
Apollonia Pontica was founded by Miletian colonists in the end of 7th century BC on the Western Black Sea Coast, ruled by that time by Thracian kings. Due to the trade of copper, gold, olives, wine and luxurious Mediterranean artifacts, it soon became the most prosperous Greek colony along the coast, know as Apollonia Magna. It was famous because of the colossal 13 meter high bronze statue of Apollo Iatros (the Hеаler), the town’s patron, which was the prototype of the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World. The statue was erected in the fifth century B.C. in front of Apollo’s temple on an island, identified by most scholars as present- day St. Kirik Island, where the field school excavations in 2013 will take place.
The significant discoveries convinced the Bulgarian Government to declare the island a cultural heritage site and to designate some of the abandoned military buildings to be turned into a Museum of Maritime Civilizations.
The field school is suitable for beginners in Field Archaeology as well as for experienced students seeking to upgrade and further develop their skills and knowledge. The fieldwork activities, lectures and workshops are led and delivered by professionals in Field Archaeology, Archaeological Documentation, Conservation and Restoration who are affiliated with scientific institutions and organizations: Archaeology Institute of Bulgaria, New Bulgarian University, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, National Museum of History, Bulgaria, Center for Underwater Archaeology, Sozopol, Varna Museum of History.
The intensive field school agenda includes:
1) excavations of a complex site (digging, keeping a field journal, filling context sheets, drawing an elevation plan/ a ground plan/ a cross-section, 3D positioning of finds, taking coordinates with a level device, taking photographs, etc.)
2) finds processing workshops (sorting, analyzing, drawing, photographing, conservation, restoration, etc);
3) lectures on Classical and Field Archaeology;
4) excursions to various cultural and archaeological sites in the region.
Upon successful completion of the course, students will develop basic excavation, documentation and finds processing skills and knowledge.
Two field school sessions of the field school are available in 2013. Participants who join both sessions will have a different schedule during the second session and have more responsibility for tasks regarding the field work and workshops, as well as different excursions.
Participants will use the tools and equipment available at the site and are not expected to bring any additional equipment.
All participants will receive a field school certificate specifying the field school activities and hours and the visited sites.
Period(s) of Occupation: Archaic and Classical Greek, Hellenistic, Roman, and Early Byzantine (seventh century B.C. - seventh century A.D.)
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 1 session (2 weeks)
Room and Board Arrangements
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Grant J., Sam Gorin and Neil Fleming. 2008. The Archaeology Coursebook: an introduction to themes, sites, methods and skills. Routledge.
Renfrew, Colin and Paul Bahn. 2006. Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. New York.
Sparkes, B. 1991. Greek Pottery. The Introduction. Manchester University Press.
Theodore Pena, J. 2007. Pottery in the Archaeological Record. Cambridge University Press.
Tsetskhladze, Gocha R. 2006, 2008. Greek Colonisation: v. 1, 2: An Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas. Brill.