New course 2015: Digging graves and conservation in archaeology focused of the Necropolis Menorca, Spain


Location: Ciutadella Menorca, Spain

Season: 
April 9, 2015 to November 12, 2015

Session dates: 
1) April 9 - April 28; 2) May 01 - May 20; 3) May 23 - June 11; 4) June 14 - July 03; 5) July 06 - July 25; 6) July 28 - August 16; 7) August 19 - September 07; 8) September 10 - September 29; 9) October 02 - October 21; 10) October 24 - November 12

Flyer: 037.pdf

Program Type

Field school

Affiliation:

The Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools offers over 20 international courses focusing on archaeology, anthropology, GIS, underwater archaeology, conservation, art, museums and archaeological film. Student's fieldwork centers on the survey and excavation of classical sites. - See more at: http://archaeology.institute

Project Director:

Julie Thomas & Valeria dall'Ara

Project Description

Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools

http://archaeology.institute/sanisera-archaeology-institute.asp

Our commitment is to promote Archaeology in its different aspects of research, training, and conservation, with a basic and clear purpose: to involve anyone from around the world who wishes to gain access to this scientific field. Sanisera is an international archaeological organization whose main aim is that of promoting and developing research , so that our current and future generations can be enriched by culture and education in this field.

We are not only in Spain, but we also have courses in Greece, Portugal, France, UK, Croatia, Turkey and Italy. We offer students more than 20 courses that can enrich their CVs, validate university credits and get recommendation letters to enter the job market or get into prestigious scientific research centers.

Our work is focused on the archaeological study of ancient cities, anthropology, osteology, digging graves, conservation in archaeology, art, museums, excavate shipwrecks and submerged cities of ancient ports in the underwater school in archaeology, how to make a movie, learning GIS Software for archaeologists and discovering the most important monuments from Ancient civilizations such as Athens and Rome.

Why participate?

http://archaeology.institute/sanisera-archaeology-institute-why-participate.asp

General Information

http://archaeology.institute/037-digging-graves-and-conservation-in-archeology.asp

In 2008 the Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools started its courses at the Roman city of Sanisera. During all these years many students have come from all over the world to study abroad to Menorca (Balearic Islands, Spain) in order to dig up the Roman remains located at this classical site on the Northern coast of the island.

We recommend this field school to those students interested in bioanthropology, osteology, conservation, museums, digging roman graves of the necropolis and classical archaeology.

This course is divided in two parts: digging roman graves in the necropolis of Sanisera and Conservation in archaeology

Part 1. Digging graves in the roman necropolis of Sanisera

Death in Rome has been studied in Sanisera since we started digging the first necropolis in 2008. So far we have excavated 90 tombs belonging to a Roman cemetery which could have been related to a basilica in the Roman city if Sanisera, which dates from the 4th and 6th centuries AD. The Osteology corpus in this necropolis includes more than 232 individuals.

The fieldwork focuses on funerary structures, specifically inhumation graves. Participants will learn and apply excavation techniques used in biological anthropology when excavating tombs. Students will also participate in lectures on skeletal anatomy and pathologies, classes, exercises and excursions related to the course material. In the laboratory participants will be instructed by an anthropologist and other archaeologists in the classification, study, and conservation of human remains and other related materials found.

Time dedicated to this part of the program: 50%

Part 2. Conservation in Archaeology

Conservation is an integral part of the archaeological process and the post-excavation study of archaeological finds. During the excavation you will find urban structures and archaeological remains from the Classical period including Roman pottery, amphorae, glass, faunal remains, coins, metals –bronze, iron, silver-, ivory, etc. All these artifacts have to be treated in a particular way depending on the material they were made of, by applying a set of techniques and methods to preserve and protect them in perfect conditions against deterioration.

Once fieldwork is finished, those archaeological structures belonging to buildings out in the open and exposed to both human and natural agents of all types. Fieldwork in conservation will apply a program and a set of practices to the preservation and consolidation of archaeological remains located in the Roma city of Sanisera.

Also all archaeological materials found at Sanisera will be treated properly at the laboratory, where we will clean, inventory and classify them. When necessary, materials will be restored before packing them properly in boxes that will be sent to safe storage areas in the museum.

Time dedicated to this part of the program: 50%

What you will learn

In the Fieldwork

  • How to dig and which archaeological techniques are used.
  • Use and handling of the tools that are used during the excavation process.
  • Basic principles of stratigraphy.
  • Basic procedures for collecting C14 samples.
  • First aid for finds. How to dig up significant finds properly. 
  • Excavation, cleaning and consolidation of wall frescos or stuccos that could have paintings on them. 
  • Conservation and consolidation of opus signinum pavements.
  • Consolidation of Roman cisterns lined by opus signinum, which were used in the storage of liquids.
  • Reconstruction of archaeological structures with fallen stones. 
  • Reconstruction of the original height of some structures
  • Applying methods to avoid the collapse of the ground or the growth of vegetation that can degrade structures and tombs. 
  • Reinforce some structures by applying modern consolidating materials.
  • Recording the data obtained during the consolidating process in each artifact that has been treated.

In the Laboratory

  • Cleaning, inventory and cataloging of recovered human bones during the excavation process.
  • Basics of the methods used in human osteological analysis, including skeletal anatomy, paleodemography and paleopathology.
  • Learning how to identify age, sex and height of buried individuals.
  • Relative dating based on the classification of archaeological artifacts discovered in stratigraphic sequence.
  •  Conservation of objects found on site which still have two thirds of their original volume.
  • Proper treatment in the cleaning of human crania found in the tombs.
  • Proper methods in the packing of finds for their storage.

Theory

  • Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Bioarchaeology
  • Skeletal Anatomy –Terminology-: generalities, dental structure, skull and other bones.
  • Archaeological objects before and after they are found.
  • Underground and external agents that affect materials.
  • Materials to Use and to Avoid.
  • Field Techniques for specific artifacts: bones, metal, ceramics, special cases.
  • Laboratory curation considerations.
  • Basic rules for proper packing of archaeological materials.
  • Preventive conservation strategies and practices for archaeological museums and sites collections.
  • History, archaeology, economy and culture of the Roman civilization.
  • Introduction to the History of the Sanisera Site.
  • Minorcan archaeology before the Roman conquest of the Balearic Islands.

Directed at

The training provided in this course and the experience you can acquire can be of importance in your future if you are thinking about biological anthropology, osteology and conservation or curation in a professional level.

You can learn from the beginning excavation & conservation techniques and methodology. During this course you will have the chance to practice with archaeological remains dating from the Classical period, including Roman pottery, human bones, amphoras, glass, human bones, faunal remains, coins, metals, ivory, etc. You will learn how to treat them properly at the laboratory.

The comprehensive experience that you will gain in this course will help you to decide if you want to pursue bioarchaeology, conservation, or curation as a profession.  

Previous knowledge or experience in archaeology or computer systems is not required.

Field School life & language

Participants will also be given lectures on methodology, Roman archaeology, Biological anthropology and classification of archaeological materials.  Participants will visit other archaeological sites on the island through organized excursions. Courses are given in both English and Spanish. For every seven course days there are two days off.

Certificates

At the end of the Field Program, students will receive a certificate of participation stating the hours and activities of the course. Participants that perform exceedingly well in the course may receive a letter of recommendation from our organization upon request.

Sessions & Cost

In 2015, 10 sessions, 20 days each
Session #1 April 9 – April 28 $ 1,600
Session #2 May 01 – May 20 $ 1,600
Session #3 May 23 - June 11 $ 2,100
Session #4 June 14 – July 03 $ 2,300
Session #5 July 06 – July 25 $ 2,300
Session #6 July 28 - August 16 $ 2,300
Session #7 August 19 – September 07  $ 1,800
Session #8 September 10 - September 29 $ 1,500
Session #9 October 02 - October 21 $ 1,300
Session #10 October 24 – November 12 $ 1,300

Spaces available

The course is limited to 8 participants per session. Reservations are only effective when payment of the registration fee is received. If for any reason the course is cancelled, payment is returned according to the field school refund policy.

Period(s) of Occupation: Roman (Classical Archaeology)

Project size: 
1-24 participants

Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 20 days

Minimum age: 
18

Experience required: 
No

Room and Board Arrangements

Course fee includes

  • Course tuition
  • Accomodation
  • Daily transportation to/from the archaeological fieldwork.
  • Transportation while in Spain
  • Breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • Accident insurance.
  • Excursions.
  • Certificate of participation

Airfare not included from the student home to/from Menorca (Spain)

Cost: 
From $1300 to $2300 (session)

Academic Credit

Name of institution offering credit: 
Please, contact Cesar Gonzalez, our course coordinator, in order to get more information about this possibility sanisera@arrakis.es
Number of credits offered: none

Location

Contact Information
Cesar Gonzalez
Apdo. 68
Es Mercadal
Menorca - Spain
Spain
07740
Telephone: 
+1 347 8710963