The Ifugao Archaeological Project

This listing expired on June 21, 2014. Please contact info@ifrglobal.org for any updated information.

The Ifugao Archaeological Project
The Ifugao Archaeological ProjectThe Ifugao Archaeological Project
The Ifugao Archaeological Project

Location: Hapao, Ifugao, Philippines

Season Dates: June 28, 2014 - July 31, 2014
Session Dates: Single session
Application Deadline: June 21, 2014

Website: http://ifrglobal.org/programs/as/philippines-ifugao

Program Type
Field school

Affiliation: UCLA & Institute for Field Research

Project Director: Dr. Stephen Acabado, UCLA

Project Description

This field school is a component of the Ifugao Archaeological Project (IAP), a multi-year research project at the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Ifugao.  The Ifugao constructed their Rice Terraces in rugged terrain as high as 2,000 meters above-sea-level for over 400 years. Terrace construction, use, and maintenance suggest complex community management.  However, this aspect of Ifugao subsistence is still poorly understood. Our research is focused on the sustainability of Ifugao irrigated-terrace farming by utilizing the concept of self-organizing systems.  It documents the growth of a self-organizing system by examining the historical development of several terrace systems.  For the 2014 field season, we will deploy landscape archaeology approach to examine historical, ecological, and ethnographic dimensions of Ifugao subsistence.  The field season will be divided into blocks of activities including surface mapping, archaeological excavations, artifact processing, ethnographic interviews and laboratory analyses.

Period(s) of Occupation: Historical archaeology

Project Size: 1-24 participants

Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: Full program length

Minimum Age: 18 years old

Experience Required: No previous experience is required

Room and Board Arrangements

Students will live in comfortable, but modest, field housing in the Village of Hapao (Hungduan Municipality) and will be provided with hotel lodging while in Manila.  The site of Hapao is located at ca. 1,600 meters above sea level so a period of adjustment to the altitude will be necessary and mandatory.  Conditions at the field house are basic and hot water is not always guaranteed.  Students will likely sleep on bunk beds or on mattresses on the floor and will share large communal rooms. 
All meals will be communal events and will provide plenty of nutritious but basic food in the tradition of local cousin. The daily diet in Ifugao is heavily based on rice and meat (pork and chicken).  Specialized diets (vegan, kosher, etc.) are difficult to maintain in this remote location. Vegetarian may attend but will find options fairly limited.  

Cost: All room and board costs are included in tuition (excluding weekend meals)

Academic Credit
Name of institution offering credit: Connecticut College
Number of credits offered: 8 semester credit units (equivalent to 12 quarter units)
Tuition: $4,850

Contact Information
Institufe for Field Research
1855 Industrial St. #106
Los Angeles, CA 90021
United States
info@ifrglobal.org
Phone: 424 226-6130

Recommended Bibliography

Acabado, S. 2009. "A Bayesian Approach to Dating Agricultural Terraces: A Case from the Philippines." Antiquity 83:801-214.

Acabado, S.  2012a. "Taro Before Rice Terraces: Implications of Radiocarbon Determinations, 
Ethnohistoric Reconstructions, and Ethnography in Dating the Ifugao Terraces." In M. Spriggs, D. Addison, 
and P.J. Matthews (eds), Irrigated Taro (Colocassia esculenta) in the Indo-Pacific: Biological and 
Historical Perspectives. Senri Ethnological Studies.
Vol (n.d.). National Museum of Ethnology: Osaka.

Acabado, S. 2012b. "The Ifugao Agricultural Landscapes: Complementary Systems and the Intensification 
Debate." Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 43(3): 500-522.

Adams, R. and F. Valdez. 1997. "Stratigraphy, Chapter 10," Field Methods in Archaeology. T. Hester, H. 
Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

ANSCHUETZ, K., R. WILSHUSEN, and C. SCHEICK.2001. "An archaeology of landscapes: Perspectives and directions." Journal of Archaeological Research 9(2):157-207.

Bacus, E. 2004. The Archaeology of the Philippine Archipelago. In Southeast Asia from Prehistory to 
History
, I. Glover and P. Bellwood (eds), pp. 257-281, New York: RoutledgeCurzon.

Baker, B. et al. 1997. Basic approaches in archaeological faunal analysis. Chapter 12,Field Methods in 
Archaeology.
T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Binford, L. and J. Sabloff. 1982. "Paradigms, Systematics, and Archaeology." Journal of Anthropological 
Research,
38:2:137-153.

CRUMLEY, C. L. 1994. “Historical Ecology: A Multidimentional Ecological Orientation.” In Historical 
ecology: Cultural knowledge and changing landscapes
, edited by C. Crumley, School of American 
Research, Santa Fe, pp. 1-16.

Feder, L. 1997. Site Survey, Chapter 4, Field Methods in Archaeology. T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. 

Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing. Feder, L. 1997. Data Preservation, Chapter 6, Field Methods in Archaeology. T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Hester, T. 1997. Methods of Excavation, Chapter 5, Field Methods in Archaeology. T. Hester, H. Shafer, 
and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Hester, T. 1997. Handling and conservation of artifacts in the field, Chapter 7, Field Methods in 
Archaeology
. T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing.

Hester, T. 1997. Chronological Methods, Chapter 13, Field Methods in Archaeology. T. Hester, H. Shafer, 
and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Bellwood, P. and I. Glover. 2004. "Southeast Asia: Foundations for an Archaeological History." In 
Southeast Asia: From Prehistory to History, edited by I. Glover and P. Bellwood, pp. 4-20. 
RoutledgeCurzon, New York.

Maher, R. 1984. "Kiyyangan Village of Ifugao Province, Philippines." Philippine 254 Quarterly of Culture 
and Society
12(2):116-127.

MAHER, R. 1973. "Archaeological Investigations in Central Ifugao." Asian Perspectives 16:1:39-70.

Napton, L.K et. al. 1997. Archaeological Mapping, Site Grids, and Surveying, Chapter 9, Field Methods 
in Archaeology.
T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Powell, J. et al. 1997. Excavation and Analysis of Human Remains, Chapter 11, Field Methods in 
Archaeology
. T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Shafer, H. 1997. Goals of Archaeological Excavation, Chapter 2, Field Methods in Archaeology. T. 
Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Shafer, H. 1997. Research Design and Sampling Techniques, Chapter 3, Field Methods in Archaeology. 
T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

Shafer, H. 1997. Archaeological Field Photography, Chapter 8, Field Methods in Archaeology. T. Hester, H. Shafer, and K. Ferder (ed). Mountain View, Ca.: Mayfield Publishing.

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