Location: Vésztő, Hungary
Program: International Multidisciplinary Research Project, June 1 - 30, 2014 in Hungary
Major Field: Anthropological Archaeology
Locations: Field work in Hungary: June 1 – June 30, 2014; lab projects may be continued in Hungary, Greece, and USA in summer and autumn, 2014. Part of a collaborative, multi-disciplinary, international research project between scientists and students at European and American Universities and Museums.
Program Description: Airfafre, room and board, and research expenses will be provided for five outstanding undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdoctoral researchers in Anthropological Archaeology - particularly qualified minorities and members of other underrepresented groups – who will join an international, multidisciplinary, research team studying prehistoric European agricultural villages on the Great Hungarian Plain occupied between 5500 and 4500 BC (cal.). This research, training, and mentoring program includes investigations at Neolithic tells and flat sites, laboratory analysis, publication, and dissemination of the results to a wide audience. Five applicants will be selected to 1) join our archaeological project in eastern Hungary, 2) design an independent research project, and 3) catalog and analyze data from field sites. After the season in June, they may 4) work with scientists and mentors at laboratories in Hungary, Greece, and the USA, 5) continue to analyze and interpret their data, 6) present their results at international conferences, 7) publish their results in peer-reviewed journals, and 8) dissementate their findings via webpages and other media.
The independent research projects are: 1) Analysis of anomalies identified during magnetic surveys. Anomalies have “signatures” associated with certain features. 2) Classifying and documenting artifacts. Artifact will be photographed, measured and classified. Artifact distribution patterns will be used to identify structures and activity areas. 3) Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon dates will be analyzed to refine the chronology of Neolithic settlements. 4) Reconstruction of paleoenvironmental contexts with geomorphological data. The configuration of ancient landforms can be reconstructed from topography, while pollen, microfossils, and macrofossils found in soil cores can be used as proxies for past environments. 5) Microstratigraphic analysis of tell levels. Features, burned layers, and artifact concentrations in tell levels will be sampled to obtain materials that will be used for dating, to reconstruct building methods, and examine depositional and weathering processes. 6) Functional analysis of lithic artifacts. Diagnostic wear traces on the edges of flaked and ground stone tools will be identified and compared to the microwear on stone tool replicas to learn how the ancient tools were used. 7) Elemental and petrographic analysis of ceramics. Sources of clay and temper used to produce pottery will be identified and firing temperatures will be estimated. The results will be used to study ceramic technology and exchange. 8) Identification and analysis of animal remains. Domestic and wild species can be identified, species abundance estimated, and butchering and disposal practices can be documented. 9) Identification of materials from flotation samples. Animal and plant remains can be identified and used to reconstruct past diets, seasonality, and land use practices. 10) Stylistic analyses of ceramics. Pottery styles can be identified and used to examine interaction between kin groups within sites and with other societies on the Great Hungarian Plain and beyond.
These research projects employ state-of-the-art analytical methods and will be carried out in the field and in archaeological laboratories in Europe and the USA supervised by our international staff members.
Period(s) of Occupation: Neolithic
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: entire season
Room and Board Arrangements
Academic CreditNumber of credits offered can be arranged
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