Location: Gazipasa, Antalya, Turkey
The Antiochia ad Cragum Archaeological Research Project (ACARP) announces its annual archaeological field school for the summer of 2014. Antiochia ad Cragum is located in ancient Rough Cilicia on the south coast of Turkey, approximately north of Cyprus. In summer 2014 we will continue excavation of the Great Bath Complex, focusing on the interior of the structure as well as exploring the area outside its courtyard. Also, we will continue exploring a peristyle courtyard where in 2013 we uncovered a mosaic-paved temple. Further areas to be explored in 2014 include a colonnaded street lined with shops and also the city's acropolis.
Participants in the field school will learn comprehensive archaeological methods, including excavation and recording, mapping, surveying, object photography, and basic conservation techniques. Opportunities for field trips to nearby archaeological sites, such as Selinus, Lamos, Perge, Anamur, and the Alanya Museum will be arranged.
Historically the site of Antiochia ad Cragum with its harbor possibly served as one of the havens for the famed Cilician pirates who operated from these shores and preyed upon shipping and coastal communities of the eastern Mediterranean during the first half of the first century B.C. The Roman general Pompey ended the pirate scourge in 67 with a naval victory at nearby Korakesion (Alanya). No traces of Antiochia’s pirate past survive among the remains visible today. The emperor Gaius ceded control of Rough Cilicia to a client-king of Rome, Antiochos IV of Commagene, for a brief period in A.D. 38, and was restored to power in 41 under Claudius. He ruled continuously until A.D. 72, during which period he founded the city named after himself. After his removal by Vespasian in 72, the city, along with the rest of Rough Cilicia, fell under direct Roman rule as part of the enlarged Province of Cilicia.
The ancient city of Antiochia ad Cragum was constructed on primarily sloping ground that descends from the Taurus mountain range down to the sea. It is magnificently situated several hundred meters above sea level, protected on several sides by cliffs and steep slopes that plummet to the sea below. The portion of the site where ancient architecture is still preserved within the modern confines of the village of Güney occupies a large territory, over 24 ha in area.
The temple mound lies at the site’s highest point overlooking the city center. Most of the architectural material of the temple is preserved but exists in a collapsed state. Since 2005, ACARP has been methodically removing the blocks scattered on the mound and transporting them to adjacent blockfields for study. The removal of the blocks allows excavation to reveal the buried podium and foundation structure of the temple.
Antiochia ad Cragum is located in the village of Güney, approximately 20 km southeast of Gazipaşa, where the project headquarters is located and where participants stay. Gazipaşa itself lies approximately 40 km southwest of the tourist resort town of Alanya.
Period(s) of Occupation: Roman Imperial/Early Byzantine
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: Three Weeks
Room and Board Arrangements
The city of Gazipaşa is modest size, with a population of approximately 22,000 people. As in 2013, our accommodations will be at the town’s sport complex (adjacent to a soccer field), located within short walking distance from the town center. The complex has a number of air-conditioned rooms that we have converted into dormitory-style living quarters. Meals when not in the field will be served at the Excavation House. The Dig House is equipped with a modest kitchen and a washing machine. Wifi is available.
A nearby hotel serves as the staff residence. Field school participants, particularly those who come as couples or those who wish a single room may prefer to stay at the hotel. Costs to stay at the hotel are not covered under the field school fees, but would be an additional cost. Rates for 2014 are not yet prepared, but based on 2013 costs one can expect the rates to be approximately 67.50 TL per person per night (about $34). Field school participants would have to pay for their own rooms by cash or credit card (Visa or Mastercard only). Participants need to inform the Project Director in advance if they wish reservations at the hotel.