Image Gallery

Notes on special finds by M. Zender and C. E. Santasilia.

Artifacts Artifacts Artifacts Late Classic (ca. AD 600-700) Conch Shell Ink Pot excavated by C. Santasilia and A. Itza. This remarkable cut conch shell evidently served as an ink well for a master scribe, and must have accompanied one of the three occupants of the tomb chamber investigated at the summit of B1 in 2011, probably the uppermost.  Three of the four wells of this ink pot still preserve indications of the blue, red, and black ink which once filled them. Similar ink wells are well known from Maya art. This Late Classic (ca. AD 600-700) stucco vase from Pyramid B1, burial 7 was excavated by Catharina E. Santasilia and Antonio. It accompanied one of the three occupants of the tomb chamber investigated at the summit of B1 in the 2011 field season, probably the uppermost.  The vessel was stuccoed before its surface was painted in yellow, blue, red and pink. Preliminary analysis of the design indicates that it represents a monstrous serpent. Late Classic (ca. AD 600-700) Jade Bar Pectoral excavated by Catharina E. Santasilia and Antonio Itza. This large jade bar pectoral accompanied one of the three occupants of the tomb chamber investigated at the summit of B1 in the 2011 field season, probably the middle individual. Pectorals like this are often shown in Maya iconography as powerful conduits for summoning ancestral spirits. This artifact was undoubtedly a prestige item, signifying the rank of the wearer. Late Classic (ca. AD 600-700) Jade Celts excavated by Catharina E. Santasilia and Antonio Itza. These three jade celts accompanied one of the three occupants of the tomb chamber investigated at the summit of B1 in the 2011 field season, probably the middle individual. These objects were suspended from ritual belts and would have struck one another as the wearer danced, emitting high musical notes.  For this reason, the Classic Maya referred to these objects as uk’ees, "noise-makers". Early Late Classic (ca. AD 600-650) Incised Bone Ring excavated by Catharina E. Santasilia and Antonia Itza. This bone ring accompanied occupants of the tomb chamber investigated at the summit of B1 in the 2011 field season. Project epigrapher Dr. Marc Zender reads the text as yosib K’awiil Chan K’inich K’an ... Bahlam, or "this is the ring of K’awiil Chan K’inich, K’an ... Bahlam”. While the final glyph on the ring depicts an unknown sign, this ring does show the first known glyph for “ring”. Late Classic (ca. AD 600-700) Incised Turtle Shell Fragments excavated by C. E. Santasilia. Several fragments of carved turtle shell, previously overlooked, were discovered upon re-excavation of a burial context in 2012. Preliminary analysis by project epigrapher Dr. Marc Zender shows that the fragmentary hieroglyphic text reads ujuuchil ahk .... aj ... k'an ... bahlam, or "this is the turtle shell of Aj ..., ... K’an ... Bahlam".  This name seems to be the same as that seen on the bone ring. Protoclassic (ca. AD 100-300) Jade Pectoral Figurine excavated by Catharina E. Santasilia and Jim Puc. Discovered in a burial below the summit of B1 in excavations during the 2012 field season, this jade figurine was designed to be worn on the breast of the pectoral.  This carved jade figurine of a fleshy large-eyed deity was laterally perforated and was discovered on the breast of a male individual in the burial.  Early Classic (ca. AD 450-600) Peccary Vessel excavated by Catharina E. Santasilia and Doug Tilden. This Zacatal Cream (or Dos Arroyos) Ring Base Basal Flanged Dish was excavated in the 2013 field season and depicts prostrate captives. The lid depicts prostrate Maize Gods under a hollow peccary (Central American pig) head. Dr. Marc Zender notes that all of the iconography is typical of the peccary, but most diagnostic is the looping red scroll on its cheeks, a stylized marker of “musk”.

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