Abstract: Bir Madhkur, Petra, and the Incense Trade through Arabia

Lecturer: Andrew M. Smith II

This paper will examine the role of Bir Madhkur in the ancient spice trade, in particular its function along the famed Incense Road. Lecture draws on new evidence from the lecturer’s excavations at and survey around the ancient site of Bir Madhkur, a Nabataean, Roman, and Byzantine period site in southern Jordan in the hinterland of ancient Petra.

Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):

Smith, Andrew M., II. “Beyond the Nabataean and Roman City: Surveying the Central and Southern Wadi Araba.” In Crossing Jordan: North American Contributions to the Archaeology of Jordan, Thomas E. Levy, P. M. Michèle Daviau, Randall W. Younker and May Shaer, eds., 393-400. London: Equinox Publishing, 2007.

Smith, Andrew M., II. “Pathways, Roadways, and Highways:  Networks of Communication and Exchange in Wadi Araba.” Near Eastern Archaeology 68.4 (2005): 180-189.

Smith, Andrew M., II. “Bir Madhkur Project: A Preliminary Report on Recent Fieldwork.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 340 (2005): 57-75.


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Theodore Burgh is with the University of North Carolina at Wilmington, and holds his degrees from the University of Arizona (Ph.D.), Howard University, and Hampton University.  His research... Read More

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