Saugus Iron Works commenced operations in 1646 and produced about a ton of cast iron daily. The iron works supplied nails, horseshoes, cookware, tools, weapons, and more to the New England Colonies and beyond. Today visitors can see a reconstructed blast furnace, forge, rolling and slitting mill, blacksmith shop, and seven large waterwheels that power the equipment, as well as an original home dating to the 1680s.
Archaeological Fun Fact: Archaeological investigations in the first half of the twentieth century uncovered a hammer head weighing a quarter of a ton (500 lbs)! Today you can see a reproduction of this water-powered drop hammer in use at the park.
Park website: www.nps.gov/sair/
This national historical park in Seneca Falls, New York, includes several properties connected to the women’s suffrage movement, including the Stanton, M’Clintock, and Hunt houses as well as Wesleyan Methodist Church, the location of the first women’s rights convention. The Seneca Falls Convention, attended by 300 women and men, was held July 19-20, 1848 and concluded with the adoption of the Declaration of Sentiments. Visitors to the park may enjoy ranger-led tours and exhibits in the park’s visitor center.
Archaeological Fun Fact: In 2011 geophysical survey and a series of test excavations at the Elizabeth Cady Stanton house provided archaeologists with a better understanding of the landscape and location of outbuildings as they were when the Stantons lived there.
Park website: www.nps.gov/wori/