On a hilltop in Arizona’s Verde Valley between Phoenix and Flagstaff, you will find Tuzigoot National Monument, the ruins include a three story pueblo and 110 rooms. The pueblo was built and inhabited by the Sinagua people between 1000 and 1400 AD. On the site, you can also see petroglyphs as well as the remains of pithouses.
Archaeological Fun Fact: The first known excavations at Tuzigoot were conducted from 1933 by archaeologists from the University of Arizona with funding from the federal Civil Works Administration and Works Project Administration.
Park website: www.nps.gov/tuzi/
Founded around 1100 AD, Cicuye Pueblo, later named Pecos by the Spanish, was an important center of trade, connecting the Great Plains to the Colorado Plateau. Coronado passed through Pecos in 1540, and Franciscan missionaries attempted to colonize and convert the settlement, with mixed results, throughout the 1600s and 1700s (residents participated in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680). Visitors to this park in modern New Mexico can tour the pueblo and mission church, as well as a Civil War battlefield.
Archaeological Fun Fact: Through excavations at Pecos from 1915 to 1929, Alfred V. Kidder established a basic chronology, based on pottery types, for the Southwest. In 1927, Kidder founded the Pecos Conference, an annual meeting of Southwest archaeologists that continues today.
Park Website: www.nps.gov/peco/