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Sponsored by: Archaeological Institute of America
Recent interest in climate and environmental studies within archaeology have addressed various dimensions of interactions between humans and their environments. From these studies various cases of substantive demographic change are emerging, some of which appear to have been the result of climate-induced migrations. Among such examples are the Amorites in the ancient Near East. Their migration is tied to the onset of the Meghalayan, a long period of arid conditions that held sway in the Near East from 2200 to 1900 B.C. As a result of survey, excavation, and textual data, it is now possible to identify and quantify the scale of this migration by Amorites from the arid margins of the Fertile Crescent during the late third millennium B.C. Furthermore, the relocation of Amorite communities can be shown to have contributed to long-term social and political change in Mesopotamia, the Levant, and even Egypt, which endured well into the second millennium B.C.
Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic:
Burke, Aaron A.
2014 Entanglement, the Amorite koiné, and Amorite Cultures in the Levant. ARAM Society for Syro-Mesopotamian Studies 26(1–2):357–373.
2017 Amorites, Climate Change and the Negotiation of Identity at the End of the Third Millennium B.C. In The Late Third Millennium in the Ancient Near East: Chronology, C14, and Climate Change, edited by F. Höflmayer, pp. 261–308. Oriental Institute Seminars 11, Oriental Institute, Chicago.
2019 Amorites in the Eastern Nile Delta: The Identity of Asiatics at Avaris during the Early Middle Kingdom. In The Enigma of the Hyksos I: ASOR Conference Boston 2017−ICAANE Conference Munich 2018 – Collected Papers, edited by M. Bietak and S. Prell, pp. 69–93. Contributions to the Archaeology of Egypt, Nubia and the Levant 9, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden.
forthc. 2020 The Amorites and the Bronze Age Near East: The Making of a Regional Identity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.