UW-Milwaukee Sabin Hall Room G90
3413 N Downer Ave
Milwaukee, WI 53211
Croesus, the last king of Lydia in western Turkey, is still remembered today for his fabulous wealth. His capital at Sardis is currently being excavated by Dr. Nicholas Cahill who will lecture on his recent archaeological work there. Under Croesus and his forebears, the Lydian empire conquered all of western Turkey in the seventh and sixth century B.C.; it was a satrapal (regional) capital under the Persians in the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., and remained an important city in Hellenistic and Roman times. Recent excavation has tentatively located the palace of the Lydian kings. New discoveries and analyses of some of the world’s earliest coins, invented by the Lydians in the seventh century BC, reveal unexpected results about the sources of gold, the nature of the earliest coinage, and the relationships between money and empire. Excavation and research in two of Sardis’ major Hellenistic and Roman temples, the temple of Artemis and a temple of the cult of the Roman emperors, help us understand the intricacies of these complex buildings and the close historical, economic, and cultic relationships between them.