Memorial Art Gallery
500 University Avenue
Rochester, NY 14607
Abstract: More archaeology was done in Rome under the Fascists than at any time before or since. Major sites were excavated in all parts of the City. New museums were created. Many important finds were made. The aim of the archaeology was to increase the regime’s identification with ancient Rome. Mussolini liked to play the ‘new Caesar’ and ‘new Augustus’ against the background of ancient ruins. While the excavations were extensive, the quality of the work was often poor and much important information was lost. Since the fall of fascism, Mussolini’s archaeology has remained a source of controversy and of corrective action. This talk will consider both the fascist archaeological program and the changing post-war reactions to it.
Research: Our speaker will be Stephen L. Dyson, Park Professor of Classics, University at Buffalo. Professor Dyson has devoted much of his career to the history and archaeology of the City of Rome, the archaeology of Roman Italy and the western empire, the history and theory of archaeology, Roman social history, the Roman countryside and most matters Roman. He was awarded a grant for archeological research from the National Endowment for the Humanities. In addition to being a Distinguished Professor, he has served as President both of the Archaeological Institute of America and of the Classical Association of the American Academy in Rome. Dr. Dyson earned his Diploma in Classical Archaeology from Oxford University and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Yale University.