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Landscape Archaeology Field School and Culture Camp Rosebud Battlefield, Northern Cheyenne Reservation-Era Cabin Site, and Pictograph Cave

Location: Busby , Montana, United States

July 22, 2013 to August 2, 2013

Application Deadline: 
Monday, April 15, 2013

Flyer: PDF icon landscape_matters_field_school_flyer.pdf

Program Type

Field school

RPA certified



University of Montana

Project Director:

Dr. Kelly J. Dixon

Project Description

This field course will provide training in the interdisciplinary documentation of archaeological sites and landscapes, with the intent of better preparing students for the management of cultural and natural resources, as well as related careers dedicated to environmental planning and sustainability, education, and preservation of the world’s cultural heritage. Students will learn how to apply technological approaches to surveying, documenting, and interpreting the landscape, with an emphasis on recording archaeological landscapes via laser scanning. The field school will be splitting time between the Northern Cheyenne Reservation (near Busby, Montana), working closely with tribal elders and the local tribal college to document a reservation era village and cabin sites as well as visiting the ongoing archaeological survey of Kase'eetsevo' estaneveosehaesta'tanemo (Where the Girl Saved Her Brother)/Rosebud Battlefield. The field school will also be working at Pictograph Cave State Park outside of Billings, Montana, where students will learn how to apply a variety of technological approaches, such as laser scanners and three-dimensional model development, to the documentation of places like Pictograph Cave and Ghost Cave.

This field school will expose students to basic field and lab methods, with special skills related to fieldwork documenting cultural landscapes, with an emphasis on a historic battlefield, a prehistoric cave complex, and related sites relevant to an archaeology of colonialism and landscape transformation in Montana and the American West. This course will provide instruction in archaeological field methods, such as general survey techniques, map making, excavation, historic structure recording, historical record interpretation, and laboratory analyses. At the conclusion of this class students will have acquired the ability to:

  • Locate, survey, document/map, and interpret cultural resources and landscapes
  • Identify the elements of a completed site form
  • Locate/place cultural resources on a 7.5 minute USGS map
  • Understand how a GPS (Global Positioning System) unit works
  • Maintain a field notebook
  • Understand the methods of various types of archaeological sites and investigations
  • Get a sense of archaeological technology such as laser scanning, digital imaging applications, GIS, and AutcCAD
  • Explore ethnohistorical and ethnographic resources relevant to cultural landscapes
  • Experience ethnobotany and Northern Cheyenne cultural heritage
  • Understand basic methods for collecting and documenting artifacts
  • Explain the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) Section 106 process for survey in the U.S.
  • Understand the basic tenets of the KOCOA battlefield landscape analysis
  • Understand the ways in which land managers needs to consider multivocal perspectives when making decisions about archaeological landscapes to empower educated decisions about the region’s cultural heritage well into the future

Please visit our webpage for additional information, supply list, and reading list. To apply send letter of interest and unofficial transcripts to: or

Period(s) of Occupation: Early Archaic to Historic Reservation Period

Landscapes Matter......explore and learn about interdisciplinary approaches to archaeological sites on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation and at Pictograph Cave State Park.

Project size: 
1-24 participants

Room and Board Arrangements

Room, board, and transportation to the site from Missoula are include in the tuition. The first thing you need to know about our field camp is that, for the first week, we will be camping in on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation on Linwood Tall Bull’s property (electricity will NOT be available to students); we will be bathing in the creek and exploring options for a solar shower and will have a pit toilet and access to fresh water via a pump.  For the second week, we will be camping at a public camp site in the Billings area, where we expect to have access to rustic restrooms and running water. The field school will employ a camp cook and with proper notice can accomodate dietary restrictions.

Academic Credit

Name of institution offering credit: 
University of Montana
Number of credits offered 4


Contact Information
Bethany Hauer Campbell
Social Sciences 244, University of Montana, 32 Campus Drive