2018 Archaeological Dig in the Iron Age sanctuary of Sa Cudia Cremada, Menorca.


Location: Mahón, Spain

Season: 
September 3, 2018 to September 28, 2018

Session dates: 
- Session 1: September 3th to 14th - Session 2: September 17th to 28th

Application Deadline: 
Monday, September 3, 2018

Deadline Type: 
Contact for details

Flyer: PDF icon information_sa_cudia_cremada_field_school_2018.pdf

Program Type

Field school

RPA certified

no

Affiliation:

Sa Cudia Cremada Field School: Mediterranean Archaeology in Menorca (Balearic Islands, Spain)

Project Director:

Irene Riudavets, Cristina Bravo, Montserrat Anglada

Project Description

DIG IN AN IRON AGE SANCTUARY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN!

The site of Sa Cudia Cremada has one of the last unexcavated cyclopean sanctuaries known as Taula enclosures, which can only be found in Menorca! This excavation will take place in two sessions in 2018! 

2018 SESSION DATES: 

Session 1: September 3th to14th 
- Session 2: September 17th to 28th

 

THE TALAYOTIC CULTURE FROM MENORCA

The talayotic culture is defined by a series of cultural traits which were developed by human communities during recent Prehistory in Mallorca and Menorca (Balearic Islands, Spain).  This society lasted over a long period of time in Menorca, covering approximately all the Iron Age. It started around the end of the 2nd millennium BC and the arrival of the Romans in 123 BC caused its rapid extinction. It was a relatively complex society whose members based its economy on farming and stock-breeding. Despite its heterogeneity due to the long period this society lived on, many of its intrinsic cultural features didn’t change over time, such as the cyclopean technique, hand-made pottery production, collective inhumation burials, etc.

Around 500-400 BC commercial relationships with foreign cultures increased, mainly by means of contacts with Punics, which caused many changes in the indigenous culture of the Balearic Islands.

Besides, the talaiotics (name given to the members of this society) left significant evidence of their strong religiousness, which was expressed in both their funerary world and their sanctuaries, that is to say, the so-called taula enclosures. These buildings are considered to be the religious centers of all settlements and were pre-eminent during the 2nd half of the 1st millennium BC. Of all these outstanding buildings that existed on the island, 32 are still preserved, which are unique and exclusive to the island of Minorca.

THE SITE

The archaeological site of Sa Cudia Cremada, in the vicinity of the city of Mahón, is located in an agriculture holding’s property, where very well-preserved architectural, ethnological and archaeological elements blend in a unique and characteristic Minorcan landscape. Even though all the area is archaeologically rich, the most distinctive part is formed by a talaiotic settlement along with its necropolis. The most visible structures are three talaiots (monumental tower-like structures) around which the rest of the structural remains are organized in the dwelling area. Hence, this culture’s name derives from the talaiot, its most characteristic and unique building.

The other important building in Sa Cudia Cremada is the taula enclosure, where archaeological fieldwork run by the field school will take place in 2018. In this building the main feature is a pillar with a lintel on the top part, called taula (meaning “table” in Catalan) due to its T shape, which is located at the central part. Even though we do not understand its whole meaning, it can be affirmed that religious ceremonies were carried out around it by the community.

Due to the exclusiveness of the talaiotic culture as a witness of a past society, unique in the world as a significant evidence of the human being’s past, Menorca talaiòtica (talaiotic Minorca) aspires to become a UNESCO World Heritage site through its nomination.  This nomination is represented by a series of selected archaeological sites on the island, Sa Cudia Cremada being one of them.

 FIELDWORK

The main aim of fieldwork is that of approaching the talayotic culture to students through different tasks related to an archaeological excavation. Fieldwork will be combined with lab work, lectures, workshops as well as excursions to discover the natural environment of an island which was declared Reserve of the Biosphere by the UNESCO in 1993. During the course free days will be available to students so they can explore and enjoy the traditional horse festivals, whose origins date back to the medieval period, which take place in several towns in Menorca during summertime.

 THE FIELD SCHOOL

In 2018 Sa Cudia Cremada Field School offers archaeological courses for students interested in gaining first-hand experience on fieldwork and laboratory tasks. We welcome university students, professionals as well as everybody who is interested in Archaeology and Ancient Mediterranean Hist

2018 courses will take place in two sessions with a length of 2 weeks each. During the course, students will dig in the settlement’s sanctuary during the first half of the day, whereas the second part will be devoted to lectures, laboratory tasks and workshops.

1. Fieldwork:

Participants will excavate in the sanctuary using modern field excavation methods and will be trained in:

-          The identification of archaeological remains and features.

-          Photographic documentation.

-          Drawing maps and sections.

-          The use of topographic instruments.

2. Laboratory:

-          Processing of materials found on site (washing, labelling, etc.)

-          Drawing of archaeological materials.

-          Classification and inventory of materials.

-          Proper packaging of materials.

3. Workshops: 

Students will be able to choose among several options: 

A. Documentation of finds: 

- Drawing of archaeological finds

- Digitizing archaeological drawings

- Introduction to Phtogrammetry

B. Restoration and conservation of finds: 

- Basics on restoration and conservation

- Pottery restoration at the lab

4. Field trips:

Every week a set of excursions will be designed in order to show students the most significant prehistoric remains of the islands as well as materials on display in the 2 archaeological museums located in Mahón and Ciutadella.

FEES AND CONTACT INFORMATION

- 2-week course: 790 Euro including: tuition fees, course materials, pick-up service from the airport upon arrival, accommodation, daily transportation to/from the site/ the accommodation, excursions, accident insurance, snack during school time, entrance to museums and archaeological sites, workshops given by visiting specialists, Field School T-Shirt and certificate of participation.  

(Transportation to/from Menorca and meals outside school time are not included).  

-  Sign up for two sessions (four weeks in total) and pay only 1200 Euro! 

 

For further information and signing up for the course, please contact:

sacudiafieldschool@gmail.com

You can also find us via facebook and twitter:

https://www.facebook.com/cudiacremada?ref=hl

https://twitter.com/SaCudiaCremada

 This site is part of Menorca Talayotica UNESCO nomination (Talayotic Minorca World Heritage site nomination)

 

Period(s) of Occupation: Iron Age, Roman

Notes: 
Fieldwork in a unique Mediterranean archaeological site, where participants will have the opportunity to dig in an Iron Age sanctuary: a taula enclosure.

Project size: 
1-24 participants

Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 2 weeks

Minimum age: 
18

Experience required: 
The course is open to students interested in gaining first-hand experience on fieldwork and laboratory tasks. We welcome university students, professionals as well as everybody who is interested in Archaeology and Ancient Mediterranean History. Thus, previous experience on the subject in not required.

Room and Board Arrangements

Rooms in the field school's residence (beautiful house in town with all services): 1 to 2 people per room. Snack provided during school hours, meals outside school time are not included. 

Maximum number of participants per session: 8

Cost: 
790€ per 2-week course 1200€ for two sessions

Academic Credit

Number of credits offered: none

Location

Contact Information
Cristina Bravo
FINCA SA CUDIA CREMADA. T.M. DE MAO
Mahón
Illes Balears
Spain
07712