Location: Mahón, Spain
DIG IN AN IRON AGE SANCTUARY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN!
The site of Sa Cudia Cremada has one of the last unexcavated cyclopean sanctuaries known as Taula enclosures, which can only be found in Menorca! This excavation will take place in one 2-week session in 2019!
2019 SESSION DATES:
- Session 1: September 2th to13th
THE TALAYOTIC CULTURE FROM MENORCA
The talayotic culture is defined by a series of cultural traits which were developed by human communities during recent Prehistory in Mallorca and Menorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). This society lasted over a long period of time in Menorca, covering approximately all the Iron Age. It started around the end of the 2nd millennium BC and the arrival of the Romans in 123 BC caused its rapid extinction. It was a relatively complex society whose members based its economy on farming and stock-breeding. Despite its heterogeneity due to the long period this society lived on, many of its intrinsic cultural features didn’t change over time, such as the cyclopean technique, hand-made pottery production, collective inhumation burials, etc.
Around 500-400 BC commercial relationships with foreign cultures increased, mainly by means of contacts with Punics, which caused many changes in the indigenous culture of the Balearic Islands.
Besides, the talaiotics (name given to the members of this society) left significant evidence of their strong religiousness, which was expressed in both their funerary world and their sanctuaries, that is to say, the so-called taula enclosures. These buildings are considered to be the religious centers of all settlements and were pre-eminent during the 2nd half of the 1st millennium BC. Of all these outstanding buildings that existed on the island, 32 are still preserved, which are unique and exclusive to the island of Minorca.
The archaeological site of Sa Cudia Cremada, in the vicinity of the city of Mahón, is located in an agriculture holding’s property, where very well-preserved architectural, ethnological and archaeological elements blend in a unique and characteristic Minorcan landscape. Even though all the area is archaeologically rich, the most distinctive part is formed by a talaiotic settlement along with its necropolis. The most visible structures are three talaiots (monumental tower-like structures) around which the rest of the structural remains are organized in the dwelling area. Hence, this culture’s name derives from the talaiot, its most characteristic and unique building.
The other important building in Sa Cudia Cremada is the taula enclosure, where archaeological fieldwork run by the field school will take place in 2018. In this building the main feature is a pillar with a lintel on the top part, called taula (meaning “table” in Catalan) due to its T shape, which is located at the central part. Even though we do not understand its whole meaning, it can be affirmed that religious ceremonies were carried out around it by the community.
Due to the exclusiveness of the talaiotic culture as a witness of a past society, unique in the world as a significant evidence of the human being’s past, Menorca talaiòtica (talaiotic Minorca) aspires to become a UNESCO World Heritage site through its nomination. This nomination is represented by a series of selected archaeological sites on the island, Sa Cudia Cremada being one of them.
The main aim of fieldwork is that of approaching the talayotic culture to students through different tasks related to an archaeological excavation. Fieldwork will be combined with lab work, lectures, workshops as well as excursions to discover the natural environment of an island which was declared Reserve of the Biosphere by the UNESCO in 1993. During the course free days will be available to students so they can explore and enjoy the traditional horse festivals, whose origins date back to the medieval period, which take place in several towns in Menorca during summertime.
THE FIELD SCHOOL
In 2019 Sa Cudia Cremada Field School offers an archaeological course for students interested in gaining first-hand experience on fieldwork and laboratory tasks. We welcome university students, professionals as well as everybody who is interested in Archaeology and Ancient Mediterranean History.
2019 course will take place in one sessions with a length of 2 weeks. During the course, students will dig in the settlement’s sanctuary during the first half of the day, whereas the second part will be devoted to lectures, laboratory tasks and workshops.
Participants will excavate in the sanctuary using modern field excavation methods and will be trained in:
- The identification of archaeological remains and features.
- Photographic documentation.
- Drawing maps and sections.
- The use of topographic instruments.
- Processing of materials found on site (washing, labelling, etc.)
- Drawing of archaeological materials.
- Classification and inventory of materials.
- Proper packaging of materials.
Students will be able to choose among several options:
A. Documentation of finds:
- Drawing of archaeological finds
- Digitizing archaeological drawings
- Introduction to Phtogrammetry
B. Restoration and conservation of finds:
- Basics on restoration and conservation
- Pottery restoration at the lab
4. Field trips:
Every week a set of excursions will be designed in order to show students the most significant prehistoric remains of the islands as well as materials on display in the 2 archaeological museums located in Mahón and Ciutadella.
FEES AND CONTACT INFORMATION
- 2-week course: 790 Euro including: tuition fees, course materials, pick-up service from the airport upon arrival, accommodation, daily transportation to/from the site/ the accommodation, excursions, accident insurance, snack during school time, entrance to museums and archaeological sites, workshops given by visiting specialists, Field School T-Shirt and certificate of participation.
(Transportation to/from Menorca and meals outside school time are not included).
For further information and signing up for the course, please contact:
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This site is part of Menorca Talayotica UNESCO nomination (Talayotic Minorca World Heritage site nomination)
Period(s) of Occupation: Iron Age, Roman
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 2 weeks
Room and Board Arrangements
Rooms in the field school's residence (beautiful house in town with all services): 1 to 2 people per room. Snack provided during school hours, meals outside school time are not included.
Maximum number of participants per session: 8
Academic CreditNumber of credits offered: none