This listing expired on June 30, 2016. Please contact sce@utk.edu for any updated information.
Gardens of the Hesperides: The Rural Archaeology of the Loukkos Valley


Location: Larache, Morocco

Season: 
July 10, 2016 to August 6, 2016

Deadline Type: 
Contact for details

Flyer: PDF icon loukkos-flyer3.pdf

Program Type

Volunteer

RPA certified

no

Affiliation:

Institut National des Sciènces de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine (INSAP), University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT-Knoxville)

Project Director:

Prof. Aomar Akerraz (INSAP) and Prof. Stephen A. Collins-Elliott (UT-Knoxville)

Project Description

The multi-year archaeological project Gardens of the Hesperides: The Rural Archaeology of the Loukkos Valley comprises a joint Moroccan-American (INSAP-University of Tennessee) initiative to survey and reconstruct the economic development of the Loukkos valley around the ancient city of Lixus (near Larache, Morocco)—a major entrepôt along the Atlantic coast, and in classical mythology, one of the purported locations of the Gardens of the Hesperides.

The project has four primary objectives:

  • Model rural settlement patterns in the valley of the Oued Loukkos from the Atlantic coast near Larache (Lixus) to El Qsar el-Kebir (Oppidum Novum), in order to assess levels of settlement hierarchy and complexity from the Iron Age onward.
  • Model the exploitation of plant and animal resources around Lixus and the consumption of both terrestrial and maritime commodities, toward reconstructing a holistic picture of the ancient rural economy.
  • Determine the impact of the provincialization of Morocco by the Roman emperor Claudius after 40 CE on the hinterland around Lixus.
  • Compare the evolution of the regional economy of the Ager Lixitanus at a broad level with that of the western Mediterranean, to evaluate the level of integration of Lixus in the Roman Empire.

The 2016 comprises the pilot season of archaeological field survey, combining both intensive fieldwalking and extensive methods, and is open to volunteers. No archaeological experience is required. Participants with experience and interest in computational approaches to archaeology (GIS, modelling, as well as programming), as well as those with an interest in ecological and environmental approaches, are encouraged. Weekend site-trips to key archaeological sites such as Volubilis and Chellah will also enrich participants' experience and understanding of Morocco's archaeological heritage.

Period(s) of Occupation: Mauretanian, Roman, Medieval

Notes: 
Interested participants from United States institutions should contact Prof. Collins-Elliott directly for further details.

Project size: 
1-24 participants

Minimum age: 
18

Experience required: 
None.

Room and Board Arrangements

Room and board are provided for participants at the project house, located in the countryside north of Larache.

Cost: 
There are no project fees for participants.

Academic Credit

Number of credits offered: none

Location

Contact Information
Stephen A. Collins-Elliott
1101 McClung Tower
Knoxville
TN
USA
37996-0413
Telephone: 
865-974-5404
Fax: 
865-974-7173
Recommended Bibliography: 

Akerraz, A., and A. El Khayari. 2000. “Prospections archéologiques dans la región de Lixus. Résultats préliminaires.” In L’Africa Romana. XIII Convegno internazionale di studi. Geografi, viaggiatori, militari nel Maghreb: alle Origini dell’archeologia nel Nord Africa (Djerba, 10 – 13 Dicembre 1998), edited by M. Khanoussi, P. Ruggeri, and C. Vismara, 1646–68. Rome: Carocci.

Akerraz, A., and R. Rebuffat. 1991. “El Qsar El Kebir et la route interieure de Mauretanie Tingitane entre Tremuli et Ad Novas.” In Histoire et archéologie de l’Afrique du nord : Actes du IVe colloque international réuni dans le cadre du 113e congrès national des Sociétés Savantes, Strasbourg, 5-9 Avril 1988, 367–408.

Aranegui, C., ed. 2005. Lixus 2. Ladera Sur. Excavaciones Arqueológicas Marroco-Españolas En La Colonia Fenicia. Campañas 2000-2003. Saguntum Extra 6. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia.

Aranegui, C., and H. Hassini, eds. 2010. Lixus 3. Área Suroeste Del Sector Monumental [Cámaras Montalbán] 2005-2009. Saguntum Extra 8. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia.

Aranegui, C., M. López-Bertran, and J. Vives-Ferrándiz. 2011. “The Strait and Beyond: Local Communities in Phoenician Lixus (Larache, Morocco).” In Ceramics of the Phoenician-Punic World: Collected Essays, edited by C. Sagona, 297–3226. Leuven: Peeters.

Cañete, C. and J. Vives-Ferrándiz. 2011. "‘Almost the same’: dynamic domination and hybrid contexts in Iron Age Lixus, Larache, Morocco." World Archaeology 43: 124-143.

Leveau, P., F. Trément, K. Walsh, and G. Barker, eds. 1999. Environmental Reconstruction in Mediterranean Landscape Archaeology. The Archaeology of Mediterranean Landscapes 2. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Lixus. Actes du colloque organisé par l'Institute des sciences de l'archéologie et du patrimoine de Rabat avec le concours de l'École française de Rome, Larache, 8-11 novembre 1989. 1992. Rome: École Française de Rome.

Papi, E. 2014. “Punic Mauretania?” In The Punic Mediterranean. Identities and Identification from Phoenician Settlement to Roman Rule, edited by J.C. Quinn and N.C. Vella, 202–18. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pons Pujol, L. 2009. La Economía de La Mauretania Tingitana (s. I-III d.C.): Aceite, Vino Y Salazones. Barcelona: Edicions Universitat Barcelona.

Ponsich, M. 1966. “Contribution à l’Atlas Archéologique Du Maroc: Région de Lixus.” Bulletin D’archéologie Marocaine 6: 377–423.

———. 1988. Aceite de Oliva Y Salazones de Pescado: Factores Geo-Económicos de Bética Y Tingitania. Madrid: Editorial de la Universidad Complutense.

Trakadas, A. 2012. “Navigating the Al-Baḥr Al-Muẓlim: An Assessment of the Investigation, Mitigation and Preservation of Morocco’s Maritime Cultural Heritage.” Journal of Maritime Archaeology 7: 165–92.