Denmark: Hagerup

Location: Odense , Denmark

May 14, 2017 to June 17, 2017

Application Deadline: 
Friday, May 12, 2017

Deadline Type: 

Program Type

Field school

RPA certified



University of Toronto, Institute of Forensic Medicine and Department of Anthropology (ADBOU), University of Southern Denmark, Pennsylvania State University, Institute for Field Research, UCLA

Project Director:

Dr. Julia Gamble, Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, Prof. Jesper Boldsen, Institute of Forensic Medicine and Department of Anthropology (ADBOU), University of Southern Denmark, Prof. George Milner, Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, Mrs. Dorthe Pedersen, ADBOU, University of Southern Denmark

Project Description

This project involves the systematic, research driven excavation and bioarchaeological investigation of human skeletal remains from the cemetery of Hågerup, which spans the period from the 12th through to the 16th centuries CE in Denmark. The project will take place over the course of the next 5–8 years, and involves collaboration between ADBOU (the University of Southern Denmark),Øhavsmuseet in Fåborg and the University of Toronto. As a research-driven project, it provides researchers (and students) with the unprecedented opportunity to collect valuable information from an untouched medieval cemetery. Collaboration between ADBOU and Øhavsmuseet in Fåborg will allow a contextual, landscape approach to be incorporated into the bioarchaeological investigation of the cemetery.

Period(s) of Occupation: Bronze & Iron Age

Project size: 
1-24 participants

Minimum age: 

Experience required: 
No experience required.

Room and Board Arrangements

Accommodation for the duration of this field school will be at the Dalum Agricultural College which is a student residence through the year. Students will be lodged in dorm rooms which are basic but clean and furnished with a bed, desk, wardrobe, and sink. There is one bed per room. There are shared toilets down the hall, as well as shared showers in a separate room.  Wifi will be available at the college.

All meals will be communal with breakfast and dinner served at the college. Each student will be responsible for packing a lunch from food served during dinner or breakfast. Breakfast generally consists of a range of breads, cheese, cold-cut meat, cereals, fruit, and cold vegetables / salad. Dinner usually includes salad and/or vegetables, and a meat or hot dish. Meals are generally well balanced and substantial and will include a range of traditional Danish foods to accommodate the students at the agricultural college who are often from farming backgrounds. You will see the primary meats being pork, fish, and some chicken.

Vegetarian diets are easily accommodated with vegetables / salad, cheese, eggs, and bread being readily available at most meals. There is no guarantee that vegan diets will be accommodated through the Dalum kitchen, but in such circumstances particularly the protein component can be supplemented through the local grocery store located very close to the college. No other dietary condition can be accommodated in this project unless first cleared by the field school director – Dr. Julia Gamble.

All room and board costs are included in tuition. Students will pay for their own weekend meals.

Academic Credit

Name of institution offering credit: 
Number of credits offered 12 UCLA credit units


Contact Information
Institute for Field Research
2999 Overland Ave. #103
Los Angeles
United States
Recommended Bibliography: 

ADBOU. 2015.  Human Osteological Methods. 

Adler CJ, Haak W, Donlon D, Cooper A. 2011. Survival and recovery of DNA from ancient teeth and bones. J Archaeol Sci 38:956–964.

Barnes I, Thomas MG. 2006. Evaluating bacterial pathogen DNA preservation in museum osteological collections. Proc R Soc B Biol Sci 273:645–653.

Boldsen JL. 1984. A Statistical Evaluation of the Basis for Predicting Stature from Lengths of Long Bones in European Populations. Am J Phys Anthropol 65:305–311.

Boldsen JL, Freund UH. 2006. Osteological leprosy: Epidemiology and diagnosis. Scand J Forensic Sci:67–72

Boldsen JL, Milner GR. 2011. An Epidemiological Approach to Paleopathology. In: Grauer AL, editor. A Companion to Paleopathology. Wiley-Blackwell. p 114–132.

Brookes S, Suchey JM. 1990. Skeletal age determination based on the os pubis: a comparison of the Acsádi-Nemeskéri and Suchey-Brooks methods. Hum Evol 5:227–238.

DeWitte SN, Stojanowski CM. 2015. The Osteological Paradox 20 Years Later: Past Perspectives, Future Directions. J Archaeol Res 23(4):1–54.

Hoppa RD, Vaupel JW. 2002a. The Rostock Manifesto for paleodemography. In RD Hoppa and JW Vaupel (eds.) Paleodemography: Age distributions from skeletal samples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–8.

Lovejoy CO, Meindl RS, Pryzbeck TR, Mensforth RP. 1985. Chronological metamorphosis of the auricular surface of the ilium: A new method for the determination of adult skeletal age at death. Am J Phys Anthropol 68:15–28.

Lynnerup N, Boldsen J. 2011. Leprosy (Hansen’s disease). In: Grauer AL, editor. A Companion to Paleopathology. Wiley-Blackwell. p 458–471.

Meindl RS, Lovejoy CO, Mensforth RP, Walker RA. 1985. A revised method of age determination using the os pubis, with a review and tests of accuracy of other current methods of pubic symphyseal aging. Am J Phys Anthropol 68:29–45.

Milner GR, Boldsen JL. 2012a. Skeletal Age Estimation: Where We Are and Where We Should Go. In DC Dirkmaat (ed) Companion Forensic Anthropology.  Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. pp 224–238.

Milner GR, Boldsen JL. 2012b. Transition analysis: a validation study with known-age modern American skeletons. Am J Phys Anthropol 148:98–110.

Milner GR, Boldsen JL, Weise S, Lauritsen JM, Freund UH. 2015. Sex-related risks of trauma in medieval to early modern Denmark, and its relationship to change in interpersonal violence over time. Int J Paleopathol 9:59–68.

Ortner DJ. 2007. Differential Diagnosis of Skeletal Lesions in Infectious Disease. In: R Pinhasi and S Mays. Advances in Human Palaeopathology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons Ltd.). p 189–214.

Petersen HC. 2011. Technical note: A re‐evaluation of stature estimation from skeletal length in the grave. Am J Phys Anthropol 144:327–330.

Rasmussen KL, Boldsen JL, Kristensen HK, Skytte L, Hansen KL, Mølholm L, Grootes PM, Nadeau M-J, Eriksen KMF. 2008. Mercury Levels in Danish Medieval Human bones. J Archaeol Sci 35:2295–2306.

Schaefer M, Black SM, Scheuer L. 2009. Juvenile osteology: a laboratory and field manual. Amsterdam: Academic Press.

White TD and Folkens PA. 2005. The Human Bone Manual. London: Elsevier Academic Press.

Wood JW, Milner GR, Harpending HC, Weiss KM, Cohen MN, Eisenberg LE, Hutchinson DL, Jankauskas R, Česnys G, Katzenberg MA, others. 1992. The osteological paradox: problems of inferring prehistoric health from skeletal samples [and comments and reply]. Curr Anthropol 33:343–370.

Yoder C. 2010. Diet in medieval Denmark: a regional and temporal comparison. J Archaeol Sci 37:2224–2236.


Agarwal, Sabrina C., and Bonnie A. Glencross. 2011. Social bioarchaeology. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell.

Aufderheide AC and Rodriguez-Martin C. 1998. The Cambridge encyclopedia of human paleopathology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Benedictow OJ. 2004. The Black Death 1346-1353: The Complete History. Woodbridge: Boydell Press.

Bennike P. 1985. Palaeopathology of Danish skeletons: a comparative study of demography, disease and injury. Copenhagen, Denmark: Akademisk Forlag.

Boldsen JL. 1990. Height variation in the light of social and regional differences in medieval Denmark. In: Austin D, Alcock L, editors. From the Baltic to the Black Sea:  Studies in Medieval Archaeology. Boston: Unwin Hyman. p 181–187.

Boldsen JL. 1993. Height variation in Denmark A.D. 1100-1988. In: Populations of the Nordic countries: Human population biology from the present to the Mesolithic. Proceedings of the Second Seminar of Nordic Physical Anthropology. Lund: Institute of Archaeology. p 52–60.

Boldsen JL. 1998. Body proportions in a medieval village population: effects of early childhood episodes of ill health. Ann Hum Biol 25:309–317.

Boldsen JL. 2007. Early Childhood Stress and Adult Age Mortality - A Study of Dental Enamel Hypoplasia in the Medieval Danish Village of Tirup. Am J Phys Anthropol 132:59–66.

Boldsen JL, Mollerup L. 2006. Outside St. Jorgen: Leprosy in the Medieval Danish City of Odense. Am J Phys Anthropol 130:344–351.

Boldsen JL, Rasmussen KL, Riis T, Dittmar M, Weise S. 2013. Schleswig: Medieval leprosy on the boundary between Germany and Denmark. Anthropol Anz 70:273–287.

Buikstra JE, Ubelaker DH. 1994. Standards for data collection from human skeletal remains. Arkansas: Arkansas University Press.

Grauer AL (ed.). 2012.  A Companion to Paleopathology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons Ltd.)

Hybel N and Poulsen B.  The Danish resources c. 1000-1550: growth and recession.  Leiden: Brill

Kowaleski M. 2014. Medieval people in town and country: new perspectives from demography and bioarchaeology. Speculum 89:573–600.

Lovejoy CO. 1985. Dental wear in the Libben population: its functional pattern and role in the determination of adult skeletal age at death. Am J Phys Anthropol 68:47–56.

Ortner DJ. 2003.  Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, 2nd Edition.  San Diego: Academic press

Ortner DJO and Aufderheide AC (eds.). 1991.  Human paleopathology: Current syntheses and future options.  Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Pinhasi R and Mays S.  2008.  Advances in Human Palaeopathology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons Ltd.)

Roberts, Charlotte A., and Keith Manchester. 2005. The archaeology of disease. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

Rogers T, Saunders S. 1994. Accuracy of sex determination using morphological traits of the human pelvis. J Forensic Sci 39:1047–1056.

Rogers T, Saunders S. 1994. Accuracy of sex determination using morphological traits of the human pelvis. J Forensic Sci 39:1047–1056.

Waldron T. 2009.  Palaeopathology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press