Location: Gallina, NM, US
Season: May 26, 2019 to July 6, 2019
Application Deadline: April 5, 2019
Deadline Type: Rolling
University of Leiden, Connecticut College, Institute for Field Research
Dr. Lewis Borck
This project investigates differences in political and social organization in the North American Southwest by exploring changing architectural patterns through time. The general architectural sequence in the northern Southwest is a transition from nomadism (and associated structures that leave minimal impact on the archaeological record), to pit houses, to small apartment-like roomblocks with specialized religious architecture, to large apartment-like roomblocks with specialized religious architecture. In the Southwest, communities that do not follow these paths are often called “out-of-phase.” In the Gallina region of northern New Mexico, researchers argue that the “out-of-phase” nature of Gallina archaeology (~A.D. 1100-1300) is actually evidence for a social movement aimed at contesting regional changes in religious and political power aggregation and centralization. Part of the material expression that may have created and supported this social movement was the re-unification of a previously split sacred and secular space in order to return religious and political power to communities at the household level and create more equitable organizational practices.
This project will explore whether there is evidence of this reunification in pit house architecture. This project will focus on sites in the Llaves Valley at approximately 7,000 feet above sea level. Excavation, survey and site assessments, artifact analysis and processing, community outreach and public blogs, and collaborative discussions with local communities about the nature of our fieldwork and its future directions will all be incorporated.
Period(s) of Occupation: North American Archaeology, ~A.D. 1100-1300
Project Size: 1-24 participants
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: Participants must stay entire duration of the field school.
Minimum Age: 18
Experience Required: No prior experience required.
Room and Board Arrangements:
Camp housing will be near Abiquiu, New Mexico at about 7,500 feet above sea level (~2300m) in an extremely arid environment, so a period of acclimation is included in the first week. Students will be living in tents, but will have access to indoor communal rooms. They will be at a site with a lot of outdoor space and will be able to find outdoor areas to relax as well as take advantage of many nearby trails for hiking and running. Conditions at the field house are basic and showers will be outdoors (but private). Camp chores will be shared amongst all of the field participants. Meals are taken communally and will provide plenty of nutritious food. New Mexican cuisine is heavily based on a mix of American, Indigenous, and Mexican (primarily Chihuahuan) cuisine and is thus heavily based around meat, beans, and rice. Chile, both red and green, are an important part of the food experience and will be incorporated, but they will be kept to the side for those whose palettes may find them too spicy. It is possible to adjust based on vegetarian or vegan diets. Other food allergies, depending on the severity, can be adjusted for as well. Please check with the field director if you have severe reactions. Cost: Room and Board is included in the tuition for this program.
8 Semester Credits credits offered by Connecticut College. Tuition is $4,625.
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