Abstract: The Hallstatt Culture – dawn of the Iron Age in Central Europe
The Hallstatt Culture (~800-450 BC) is what archaeologists call the Early Iron Age groups of Central Europe. It includes large area between central France to western Hungary and from the Alps to central Poland. These groups were politically completely independent and to some extent culturally different from of one another, but they were interconnected by a vast trading network which made the material culture, technology and basic social ideas similar across the region. That network was operated by members of local warrior elites who displayed their power through building of large hillforts and monumental burial mounds filled with rich grave goods. Especially important features were exchange of prestigious goods and contacts with the Mediterranean Greek and Etruscan civilizations. The lecture will provide general overview of characteristic features of that cultural complex.