Abstract: Celts and La Tene Culture - a View from the Periphery
While the concept of “Celts” emerged from the Western Hallstatt circle more or less as a result of the cultural evolution, in southeastern Pannonia it was not a question of the chronological shift, as much as of the contextual one. The mechanism of transfer and acceptance of the Early La Tène elements into local cultures was significantly different from the process that took place in later periods of the Late Iron Age, when this area was occupied by compact new La Tène communities that developed as some sort of amalgam consisting of local communities and incoming groups of people that were recognized as “Celts”. Therefore we have to differentiate between the processes of “Celtization” and “Latènization”. It would appear that the “Celtic world” was a kind of a patchwork, composed of different communities or cultures. In such a world, in which the distinctive periphery and the core area are replaced by a dynamic communication network between different communities, it is hard to find any community that would define itself as “Celts”.