Abstract: Sicily in the Age of Archimedes
The Sicily of Archimedes consisted of the Hellenistic kingdom of Syracuse in the eastern third of the island. Before falling to Rome in 212 BCE the Syracusan kingdom had enjoyed a productive half century of peace. This was a period of innovation and invention in many areas. The royal administration of King Hieron II created rational new political relationships with the cities of the kingdom, based on fairness, and contemporary material culture, as seen in architecture, sculpture, and mosaics, is characterized by striking innovation. The intellectual character of the age was influenced by the thought and discoveries of the great scientist and mathematician, who was killed in the siege of Syracuse. The lecture is illustrated by works of art and architecture from Syracuse and the outlying cities, including Morgantina.
Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic:
Claire Lyons, Michael Bennett, Clemente Marconi, Sicily: Art and Invention between Greece and Rome, Malibu 2013.
Lucio Russo, The Forgotten Revolution: How Science was Born in 300 BC and Why It Had to Be Reborn, Springer 2004 (translation from the Italian)
Sandra Lucore, in S. K. Lucore and M. Trümper, Greek Baths and Bathing Culture: New Discoveries and Approaches, Leuven 2013.
Sandra Lucore, “Archimedes and the North Baths at Morgantina,” in Archimedes: Art and Science of Invention, Florence 2013, 111-118.
Malcolm Bell, “Morgantina in the Age of Innovation, in Archimedes: Art and Science of Invention, Florence 2013, 65-69.