Abstract: The Middle Bronze Age Levant at War


From 1900 to 1530 BCE, kingdoms from the Egyptian Delta to southern Mesopotamia were characterized by impressive fortified networks ranging from hilltop towers to fortified capital cities. The construction of these defenses represented massive investments for the communities involved and signaled a period of sustained conflict over a wide region for several centuries. The archaeological, historical, and iconographic sources for this period represent a rich dataset for exploring the causes of conflict in this period and the strategies employed to address the concerns of sedentary communities. In this lecture, Prof. Burke will illustrate the nature of conflict during this period and the defensive networks established in response to these concerns.


Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):

Burke, Aaron Alexander

2007    Magdalūma, Migdālîm, Magdoloi, and Majādïl: The Historical Geography and Archaeology of the Magdalu (Migdāl). Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 346:29–57.

2008    “Walled Up to Heaven”: The Evolution of Middle Bronze Age Fortification Strategies in the Levant. Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Levant 4. Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, IN.

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