Abstract: Alpine Archaeology in the Grand St. Bernard Pass
Between 1994-2005, the Stanford Alpine Archaeology Project surveyed and excavated
Roman, Celtic and Medieval contexts in the Grand St. Bernard pass, including a Roman
Mansio-Refuge in the Plan de Barasson, Switzerland, the Temple of Jupiter and a Late
Roman Watch Tower in the Plan de Jupiter, Italy, Celtic traces in Bourg-St-Pierre,
Switzerland, and the Medieval Contexts of the Monastery Hospice of the Grand-St-Bernard
in Switzerland. We have discovered many features including high altitude Roman quarries,
wolf-chewed bones of barbarians crossing the pass around 500 CE, Celtic, Roman and
Langobard coins, many distinctive Roman and Gallo-Roman ceramics, jewelry, glass and
related artifacts as well as reconstructed the ancient medieval monastic contexts inside the
Grand St Bernard Monastery, among many other fascinating facets of a high altitude project
in the Alps where it can snow any day of the year.
Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):
Patrick Hunt. Alpine Archaeology (Ariel Books, New York, 2007)
Patrick Hunt. “Summus Poeninus on the Grand St. Bernard Pass” Journal of
Roman Archaeology XI (1998) 265-74.
Patrick Hunt. “Roman Refuge-Mansio, Plan de Barasson” in F. Wible, ed.
Vallesia LIV: Chroniques de récherches archéologiques dans le Canton du Valais” Sion
CH. (1999) 300-8.