Abstract: Far Horizons: Scale, Society, and Complexity in First Millennium BCE South India
In the late second millennium BC, communities in southern India began to experience significant transformations. Small agricultural villages of the South Indian Neolithic were replaced by larger more differentiated communities, often centered on hilltop towns. New technologies, such as wheel made ceramics and iron production were invented and adopted; and communities began to bury their honored dead in elaborate stone megaliths. In this talk, I view these “Iron Age” (c. 1200 BCE- 0 BC/AD) transformations from one center, the site of Kadebakele in Karnataka, India, where I have been conducting excavations since 2003. I present some of the results of our recent research and place them in the broader context of the social, political, and ideological transformations that define the South Indian Iron Age.
Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic (for lay reader):
Sinopoli, Carla M., K.D. Morrison, and R. Gopa, Late prehistoric and early historic South India: Recent research along the Tungabhadra River, Karnataka. Antiquity vol. 82, no. 317, 2008(http://www.antiquity.ac.uk/ProjGall/sinopoli/index.html)