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Peopling of Siberia, Beringia and the Americas from a Northern Perspective
October 25, 2018 @ 6:00 pm EDT
225 E Main Street
Mesa, AZ 85201 United States
Sponsored by: Archaeological Institute of America
AIA Society: Central Arizona (Phoenix)
Lecturer: Kelly E. Graf
Both ancient-genome studies and modern-DNA research have shown that the homeland for the first Americans was Beringia (i.e., region of the Bering Land Bridge) and ultimately Siberia. Peoples from Northeast Asia dispersed to Beringia both before and after the last glacial maximum (coldest part of the last glacial cycle, 26,000-20,000 years ago). The process of successfully dispersing to and settling the far north conditioned when and how the Western Hemisphere was colonized, and the archaeological records of these northern areas are key in providing much of the on-the-ground support of models explaining when and how dispersal occurred.
In this lecture, I present how the archaeological record informs on the timing and process of initial dispersals to North America through these northern regions. This presentation is informed by my own research in Siberia and Alaska as well as the work of many other colleagues tackling the problem. The lecture will first present the current model of dispersal proposed by geneticists. Then it will present the archaeological record of sites from Siberia and Alaska, such as Mal’ta, Yana RHS, Swan Point, and Dry Creek, as well as McDonald Creek, a newly discovered Alaskan site currently being excavated. Finally I will consider how these two sets of data fit together to explain the process of colonization and future directions the research should head to further explore the problem of the peopling Siberia, Beringia and the Americas.
Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic:
Graf, K. E., I. Buvit (2017) Human Dispersal from Siberia to Beringia: Assessing a Beringian Standstill in Light of the Archaeological Evidence. Current Anthropology 58(S17):S583-S603.
Graf, K. E., T. Goebel (2017) The Paleolithic of eastern Beringia from western Alaska to the Canadian Yukon. In Human Colonization of the Arctic: The Interaction Between Early Migration and the Paleoenvironment, ed. by V. M. Kotlyakov, A. A. Velichko, S. A. Vasil’ev, pp. 311-338. Academic Press, London.
Graf, K. E. (2015) Modern Human Response to the Last Glacial Maximum in Siberia. In Emergence and Dispersal of Modern Human Behavior in Palaeolithic Asia, edited by Y. Kaifu, M. Izuho, and T. Goebel, pp. 506-531. Texas A&M University Press, College Station.
Graf, K. E., L. M. DiPietro, K. E. Krasinski, A. K. Gore, H. L. Smith, B. J. Culleton, D. J. Kennett, D. Rhode (2015) Dry Creek Revisited: New Excavations, Radiocarbon Dates, and Site Formation Inform on the Peopling of Eastern Beringia.
Graf, K. E., C. V. Ketron, M. R. Waters, editors (2014) Paleoamerican Odyssey. Texas A&M University Press, College Station.
Raghavan, M., P. Skoglund, K. E. Graf, M. Metspalu, A. Albrechtsen, I. Moltke, S Rasmussen, T. W. Stafford, L. Orlando, E. Metspalu, M. Karmin, K. Tambets, S. Rootsi, R. Magi, P. F. Campos, E. Balanovska, O. Balanovsky, E. Khusnutdinova, S. Litvinov, L. P. Osipova, S. A. Fedorova, M. I. Voevoda, M. DeGiorgio, T. Sicheritz-Ponten, S. Brunak, S. Demishchenko, T. Kivisild, R. Villems, R. Nielsen, M. Jakobsson, E. Willerslev (2014) Upper Palaeolithic Siberian Geonome Reveals Dual Origins for Native Americans. Nature 505(7481):87-91.
Graf, K. E. (2010) Hunter-Gatherer Dispersals in the Mammoth-Steppe: Technological Provisioning and Land-Use in the Enisei River Valley, South-Central Siberia. Journal of Archaeological Science 37(1):210-233.