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Journey on the Cahal Pech Time Machine: An Archaeological Reconstruction of the Dynastic Sequence at a Belize Valley Maya Polity | By Jaime Awe, Director of the Belize Valley Archaeological Reconnaissance Project

In contrast to sites such as Tikal, Calakmul, Palenque, Caracol and Copan, determining the sequence of rulers at Maya polities that lack inscribed monuments is a particularly challenging task for the archaeologist. In spite of the inherent difficulties, however, it is possible to identify rulers at these sites through a systematic examination of the context and contents of elite burials and their associated symbolism. Applying this approach, this paper aims to demonstrate that we can identify a sequence of rulers, spanning from Preclassic to Terminal Classic times, at Cahal Pech.

See also ARCHAEOLOGY's Interactive Dig Belize 2000: Cahal Pech.

Recommended Reading

Coe, Michael D.

2012 Breaking the Maya Code. Thames & Hudson, London.

Coe, Michael D. and Justin Kerr

1997  The Art of the Maya Scribe. Harry N. Abrams, Incorporated, New York.

Hammond, Norman, and Gordan R. Wiley, eds.

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1998  The Code of Kings: The Language of Seven Sacred Maya Temples and Tombs.  Scribner, New York.

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1986 The Blood of Kings: Dynasty and Ritual in Maya Art. G. Braziller, New York.

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2005 The Ancient Maya. 6th ed. Stanford University Press, Stanford.

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1996 Popol Vuh: The Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life. Simon & Schuster, New York.

Further Reading

Chase, Diane Z., and Arlen F. Chase.

1992 Mesoamerican Elites: An Archaeological Assessment. University of Oklahoma, Norman.

Christenson, Allan

2007  Popol Vuh: Sacred Book of the Quiché Maya People. Electronic version of original 2003 publication. Mesoweb: www.mesoweb.com/publications.

Fash, William L.

1991  Scribes, Warriors and Kings: The City of Copan and the Ancient Maya. Thames and Hudson Ltd., London.

Fitzsimmons, James

2009  Death and the Classic Maya Kings (The Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies). University of Texas Press, Austin.

Freidel, David A., Linda Schele and Joy Parker

1993  Maya Cosmos: Three Thousand Years on the Shaman’s Path.  William Morrow and Co., New York.

Miller, Mary Ellen and Simon Martin.

2004 Courtly Art of the Ancient Maya. Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, California.

Miller, Mary Ellen.

2012 The Art of Mesoamerica: From Olmec to Aztec. Thames and Hudson, New York.

Mock, Shirley Boteler, ed.

1998 The Sowing and the Dawning: Termination, Dedication, and Transformation in the Archaeological and Ethnographic Record of Mesoamerica. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.

Powis, Terry G., Fred Valez, Jr., Thomas R. Hester, W. Jeffrey Hurst, and Stan M. Tarka, Jr.

2002 "Spouted Vessels and Cacao Use Among the Preclassica Maya." Latin American Antiquity 13.1 (2002): 85-106.

Stross, Brian.

1998 "Seven Ingredients in Mesoamerican Ensoulment: Dedication and Termination in Tenejapa." The Sowing and the Dawning: Termination, Dedication, and Transformation in the Archaeological and Ethnographic Record of Mesoamerica. Edited by Shirley B. Mock, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. 31-40.


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