Announced: February 1
Amount: Varies; typical awards range from $2,000 to $8,000 ($7,500 is the current maximum)
Purpose: To support projects pertaining to the archaeology of Portugal, to be conducted between July 1 of the award year and the following June 30. These include, but are not limited to, research projects, colloquia, symposia, publication, and travel for research or to academic meetings for the purpose of presenting papers on the archaeology of Portugal. AIA fellowship funds may not be used for institutional overhead, institutional administrative recovery costs, or institutional indirect costs.
Requirements: Portuguese, American, and other international scholars are invited to apply. To be eligible, applicants must be members of the AIA at the time of application and until the end of the fellowship term. Please note that all application materials (including references and transcripts) must be received at the AIA by the November 1 deadline.
At the conclusion of the project, recipients must submit a report to the Chair of the AIA Fellowships Committee. Recipients are also expected to submit an abstract to the Program Committee within two years in order to be considered for participation in the AIA Annual Meeting.
Ricardo Miguel Alves Correia Godinho is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of York/Hull York Medical School. His project, “Mandibular morphology and the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition”, will examine the biological effect on skull morphology of the transition from a hunter-gatherer subsistence style to an agro-pastoralist mode of subsistence. Mr. Godinho will be examining skeletal samples from the Muge shell middens and from Casa da Moura, and will be investigating whether the association between mandibular form and mode of subsistence found in other geographic areas is also present in Portugal. Mr. Godinho will, with the help of the fellowship, travel to Lisbon to conduct CT scanning of the skeletal collections.
Alice Micaela Toso is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of York in the Department of Archaeology. Her project, “Diet in the multi-faith society of medieval Portugal,” seeks to examine the diets of Islamic and Christian communities living at the same time, but under different socio-political and religious control, in medieval Portugal. Ms. Toso, with the help of the fellowship, will analyze over 300 individuals in three regions of Portugal, using various chemical to study their diets and form a larger picture of the foodways of Portugal. Her project represents the first application of stable isotopes to understand diet in the multi-faith society of medieval Islamic Portugal and addresses a significant gap in our knowledge, advancing research in an understudied area of Islamic archaeology in the Iberian Peninsula.
Milena Carvalho is a Ph.D. candidate in Archaeology at the University of New Mexico. Her project, “Assessing Rabbit Exploitation in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition at Lapa do Picareiro, Portugal”, will examine differences in subsistence strategies between Middle and Upper Paleolithic in order to understand the replacement of Neanderthals by anatomically modern humans. The study will include analyses of rabbit teeth in order to investigate changes in the paleoclimate, taphonomic study of Middle and Upper Paleolithic faunal sequences, and testing for differences in relative abundance of rabbit bones to identify any significant changes in rabbit exploitation during the Middle and Upper Paleolithic. The project as a whole will contribute to the understanding of the role that diet played in Neanderthal extinction.
Dr. Elizabeth Wright received her 2014 doctorate from the University of Sheffield. Her project, “Animal husbandry in late Neolithic and Chalcolithic Portugal”, will use the award of $7,270 to conduct isotopic analysis to examine the role of domesticated and wild animals in the changing economies of this period. The project will run parallel to a larger post-doctoral project she is conducting that will undertake a thorough zooarchaeological analysis of faunal assemblages. Together these projects will greatly improve understanding of the cultural and economic frameworks of late Prehistoric Portugal.
Dr. Maria Teresa Ferreira received her 2013 doctorate in Forensic Anthropology from the University of Coimbra, and her Fellowship project is “Evidence of violence and maltreatment in the 15th-17th centuries: African slaves buried at Valle da Gafaria (Lagos, Portugal)”. A rescue excavation performed at this site, located outside the medieval walls of the city of Lagos, uncovered a deposit of 158 skeletons with African characteristics dating from the first historical mention of African slaves arriving at the settlement. The award of $5,633 will be used toward analysis of the remains, particularly for evidence of trauma, maltreatment, and stress-markers, and toward the completion of a final report on the findings.
Rita Dupont de Sousa Dias is a Ph.D. candidate in Archaeology with the University of Algarve. Her project, “Mesolithic shellmidden exploitation: sclerochronology analysis from the Cabeço de Amoreira (SW Iberia, Portugal)”, will examine the ecological behavior of the last communities of hunter-gatherers in Western Europe during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. The award of €4,500 will be used for Ms. Dias’ travel to the Sclerochronology and Scleroclimatology Research Laboratory at Bangor University in the UK, and for her training and analysis there of the Mesolithic shellmidden at Cabeço de Amoreira, one of the most important middens in the Muge complex.
Linda Gosner is a doctoral candidate with the Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, at Brown University. Her project, “Mining and Rural Settlement in Roman Portugal”, examines the impact of the grand scale mining in Roman Iberia on local communities in their regional context. The award funds will be used towards library research in Lisbon, visits to archaeological sites and museums in southern Portugal (Algarve and Baixo Alentejo) and northern Portugal (Região Norte). Ms. Gosner will include her findings from this research trip towards a larger dissertation project, to form a better understanding of the social and economic impacts of this important industry in the far western corner of the Roman Empire.
Tania Manuel Casimiro is a post-doctoral researcher at Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Institute of Archaeology. Her project, “Portuguese Coarseware in Post-Medieval Atlantic Trade”, aims to undertake the first systematic analysis of Portuguese coarse ware ceramics exported around the North Atlantic from the late 16th through 18th centuries. This project will record the occurrence of Portuguese coarseware in archaeological sites in England, Canada, and the north-eastern United States and will trace these ceramics back to Portugal through a comprehensive study of coarse ware production zones; this research will provide a crucial base of knowledge for the future identification and study of this ceramic type throughout the North Atlantic region.
Dr. Telmo Pereira is a post-doctoral grantee at the University of Algarve in Portugal. His project, “The Neanderthal cognition: chert procurement in SW Iberia using PIXE analysis,” will examine evidence of Modern Human Behaviour (long-range procurement and exchange of raw materials) in Neolithic populations in the southwest Iberian landscape through the analysis of chert artifacts. Archaeological samples from Columbeira Cave, Praia Rei Cortiço, Mira Nascente, Vale Boi and Picareiro Cave will be examined because they are dated with numerical techniques, under investigation, well-preserved and represent key-sites for this type of analysis. The award funds will be used towards PIXE analysis of chert artifacts to match geological samples and ancient sources with archaeological chert nodules.
Sarah Beckmann is a doctoral candidate with the Department of Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World, University of Pennsylvania. Her project, “Sculptural Collecting in Southern Portugal in Late-Antiquity,” will examine statuary programs in three late-antique villas in southern Portugal: Milreu, São Cucufate, and Quinta do Marim. The complete sculptural assemblages from these villas have never been systematically analyzed, and Ms. Beckmann proposes to examine the sculpture in the context of the entire domestic assemblage, situating it within a larger analytical framework. Award funds will be used towards fieldwork and archival research in the Algarve and Alentejo, primarily at the Museu Nacional de Arqueologia in Faro and the Museu Regional in Beja.
Joe Alan Artz, Director of the Geospatial Program at the University of Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist, is a 2012 recipient of the Archaeology of Portugal Fellowship. His project is “GIS Analysis of Commingled Human Remains at Bolores, an Artificial Cave Mortuary in the Portuguese Estremadura”. Funding from the fellowship will be used to complete a detailed spatial analysis of the Copper Age through Early Bronze Age mortuary deposit, with the objective of searching for patterned groupings of skeletal elements, in particular the clustering of bone materials by age groups and body parts. Forensic methods employed in the analysis of mass graves will be used, as well as 2D and 3D visualization. This research, and the methodologies developed to conduct it, will contribute to better spatial and diachronic understandings of the burial practices and lifeways of late prehistoric Portugal.
Ana Catarina Sousa, Professor at the University of Lisbon, is a 2012 recipient of the Archaeology of Portugal Fellowship. Her project is “Earth, Water, Air, Fire. Cova da Baleia in the Iberian Early Mesolithic”, and her aims are to obtain a solid set of radiocarbon dates for understanding the dynamics of this site on the Lisbon Peninsula. Cova da Baleia was the target of extensive rescue excavations, revealing the largest and best preserved collection of clay structures for combustion in all of pre-historic Western Europe. The complexity of the domestic structures identified, the excellent condition, the extent of the excavated area, and the break with the contemporary models of settlement in Iberia, make Cova da Baleia a case study that could change the paradigm of the Early Mesolithic in Portugal and Europe. Project activities include radiocarbon and paleobotanical work at the Centre for Archaeology, University of Lisbon.
Jonathan Haws, Associate Professor with the Department of Anthropology, University of Louisville, is the 2011 recipient of the Archaeology of Portugal Fellowship. His project, “The Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition in Portugal: the view from Lapa do Picareiro” will examine the transition marked by Neanderthal extinction and anatomically modern human colonization of Southern Iberia, and involves excavating the cave site at Lapa do Picareiro. This site in central Portugal has intact deposits dated 10,000-45,000 years ago that encompass the transition period and allow for study of Neanderthal and modern human socio-ecology. The excavation will open a wider horizontal area in the deposits to recover faunal, floral, lithic and sedimentary data necessary to understand diet and subsistence adaptations, technological changes across the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition and determine whether or not climate and environmental change played a causal role in Neanderthal extinction and modern human success. Professor Haws will use the $9,319 award toward travel and living expenses while in Portugal, and the costs of radiocarbon dating.
Anna J. Waterman, a doctoral student with the University of Iowa, is this year’s recipient of the Archaeology of Portugal Fellowship. Her project, and dissertation topic, is “Marked in Life and Death: Identifying Biological Markers of Social Differentiation in Late Prehistoric Portugal”, and her work is on Late Neolithic and Copper Age (3500-2000 BC) burials near the Zambujal settlement site in the Portuguese Estremadura. Ms. Waterman will use the award of $7,812 to look for differences in health, status, pathology rates, age-at-death ratios, diet, and mobility patterns to assess social differentiation in the communities, augmenting work that has been done on grave goods and burial practices for the area. Her research will also further understanding of health, diet and mobility for the region and time period. Ms. Waterman’s fellowship activities will include travel to Portugal for data collection, preparation of samples and delivery to Florida laboratories, and analysis of results.
Ana Maria Silva holds degrees in biology and biological anthropology from Portugal’s University of Coimbra, where she is currently assistant professor of anthropology and with the Research Centre for Anthropology and Health. Silva’s project is “Tales from the Dead: Funerary Practices in the Late Neolithic Hypogeum of Monte Canelas I (Alcalar, Algarve, Portugal).” The study focuses on of one of the sites found in Portugal and across southwest Europe that indicate complex funerary behavior. The Monte Canelas I site, a Late Neolithic artificial cave, has revealed more than 7,700 bone fragments belonging to at least 171 individuals. It is one of the few sites where the new discipline of “archeothanatology” can be applied in which each bone’s position and geoarchaeological and taphonomical information is recorded. The $10,000 fellowship award will support scanning, GIS analysis, and radiocarbon dating, with the aim of precisely dating the relative chronology of depositions at the site, and wider goal of better understanding the complex relationship between the living and the dead in this and similar prehistoric societies.
Ana Maria Gonçalves Ávila de Melo is the 2008 recipient of the Archaeology of Portugal Fellowship. Her project is the “Prehistoric Metallurgy in the Castro de Pragança, Estremadura, Western Portugal”. The collection of metal artifacts and debris from the site of Castro de Pragança is the largest from any single Portuguese prehistoric settlement, and is housed in the Museu Nacional de Arqueologia in Lisbon. Less than 10% of the material has been studied, and the main purpose of Ms. de Melo’s project is to expand the preliminary research recently conducted, and to understand the technological and social conditions that accompanied the bronze artifact production and circulation during the Chalcolithic through the Iron Age. Ms. de Melo hopes to shed light on social organization of the people involved in the production and consumption of these materials.
Excavations at Vale Boi have yielded Solutrean points that are dated at 20,000 B.P.
Nuno Bicho, Universidade do Algarve
A Tale of Two Seas: Upper Paleolithic Ecology in Vale Boi, Southwestern Algarve, Portugal
Bicho’s research focuses on Iberian Upper Paleolithic ecology, which is known mainly from a few relatively confined areas. Little research has been done to link the cultural dynamics on the Iberian Peninsula as a whole, but the discovery of the rock-shelter of Vale Boi, which is currently the earliest occupation of modern humans in southwestern Iberia, will allow for the investigation of the transition from the Middle to Upper Paleolithic periods through human ecology, subsistence strategies, land use, social interaction, symbolic behavior, and technological traits in the area that seems to have been the last refuge of the Neanderthal populations.
Tina Manne, University of Arizona
Community Organization and Human Foraging Decisions through the Upper Paleolithic to Epi-Paleolithic in Southern Portugal
Tina Manne’s research aims to reveal changes in human foraging behavior and site function during the Upper and Epi-Paleolithic periods. The coastal archaeological site of Vale Boi has the potential to provide detailed information on questions of changing human foraging decisions. Prior research in the central and eastern sections of the Mediterranean Rim suggest that increasing population pressure was the catalyst for increasing diet breadth and subsequent technological radiation. Systematic research of this issue has not previously been made in the western area of the Mediterranean rim. Tina will also explore the probable effect of the relative geographic isolation of the southernmost tip of Iberia on the evolution of human foraging behavior and subsistence technology.
Maia M. Langley, Universidade de Lisboa
Terra Sigillata From the Villa of Torre de Palma: Consumption and Trade in Roman Lusitania, Portugal
Maia Langley is researching the Torre de Palma Roman Villa--the largest known rural villa in Iberia--through the analysis of the terra sigillata found on site. The temporal and geographical distribution of this distinctive and widespread ceramic ware holds the key to understanding local and long-distance trade and consumption patterns. Maia has now catalogued nearly 15,800 sherds of this pottery, which has never been comprehensively studied, and discovered the existence of two fabrics in this collection whose proveniences have yet to be classified by other scholars. She hopes to identify the production centers of these unknown fabrics and add to the spectrum of fabrics that were produced mainly in areas of Hispania and North Africa.
Ana Sofia Correia Jorge, University of Sheffield
Pottery Technology and Society in Early Bronze Age Central Portugal: An Integrated Approach
Ana Jorge’s research seeks to understand cultural change in prehistoric Iberian Peninsula. Through an integrated approach to ceramic technology that combines stylistic and analytical data, she hopes to illuminate issues of identity, trade, and technological change. Integrated analytical programs have not yet been implemented on such material, so the project has major implications also for the development of methodologies of ceramic study in Portugal.