Location: Populonia, Italy
Season Dates: June 22, 2014 - July 19, 2014
Discount for AIA members: 10%
Affiliation: University of Florence, University of Arizona, Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana, Past in Progress, Earthwatch Institute
Project Director: Andrea Camilli (Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of Tuscany),Giandomenico De Tommaso and Carolina Megale (University of Florence), David Soren (University of Arizona)
The maritime settlement of Poggio del Molino is located in the heart of the former territory of one of the most important Etruscan cities, Populonia, overlooking the Tyrrhenian sea. The changes (politico-economical, architectural and religious) related to the arrival of Romans, in this part of the Etruscan coast are still largely unknown.
At the beginning of the 1st century BCE, the northern part of the promontory is occupied by a fortified building placed to control and defend - from the pirates attack - access to the channel that linked the sea to the lake of Rimigliano. The building, with a rectangular plan of about 55 x 56 mm, has been investigated in the south-east sector which is organized around a porch where evidence of iron working have been found.
In the first half of the 1st century CE, the building was turned into a farm with adjoining cetaria, a handicraft factory for the production of garum (fish sauce), equipped with pools for soaking the fish.
Around the middle of the 2nd century CE after a thorough renovation, the building takes on the characteristics of a maritime villa which was destroyed around 280 CE, probably by an earthquake. Much architectural and topographical evidence suggests that the main access to the complex must be on the eastern slope, not yet completely investigated. A large open area set out as a garden is surrounded, to the south-west, by living quarters (cubicula and dining rooms) with mosaic floors and painted walls. To the north-east is the baths complex, also decorated with frescoes and mosaics, connected to the living quarters by a corridor overlooking the sea and equipped with basins and fountains.
In the 4th century, after the destruction, the eastern sector of the complex is reoccupied and used for activities of iron working. In addition to a large amount of slag and hematite, a furnace and slag connected with a forge have been documented.
Even in the 5th century, the site experienced a significant phase of inhabitation connected with the presence of a gathering place, probably linked to early Christian worship, and of a tomb set up on the ruins of the villa.
Period(s) of Occupation: Republica and Imperial Roman until early Medieval
Project Size: 1-24 participants
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 1 week
Minimum Age: 16
Experience Required: No experience required
Room and Board Arrangements
Students will stay in comfortable apartments in the quiet village of Populonia Station, about 5km/3.2 miles away from the research site. The apartments feature modern furnishings, single beds, hot showers, electricity and sockets to charge cameras, mobile phone, gas heat. There is a small kitchen in each apartment with an oven, hob and fridge. Rooms will be single gender, but apartments mixed gender. Participants will need to bring a towel and sleeping bag. Italian breakfast and dinner will be provided by the organization; lunch will be provided by staff (typical Tuscan and Italian food).
Cost: $ 4800 per 4 weeks incl. tuition (or $ 950 per week without tuition)
Name of institution offering credit: University of Arizona
Number of credits offered: 6
via della Pieve, 6
Livorno, Italy 57100
Phone: +39 339 7544894
C. Megale, L’insediamento tardo-repubblicano di Poggio del Molino: controllo e difesa di un territorio, in V. Di Cola, F. Pitzalis (a cura di), Materiali per Populonia 11, c.s.
G. De Tommaso, C. Megale, S. Genovesi, C. Martinozzi, C. Corona, Piombino (Li). Populonia: villa di Poggio del Molino: breve sintesi della campagna 2012, «Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana», 8/2012, pp. 467-473.
C. Megale, S. Genovesi, Economy and production in Late Republican Settlement of Poggio del Molino, Populonia, in L. Bombardieri, A. D’Agostino, G. Guarducci, V. Orsi, S. Valentini (eds), Identity and Connectivity: Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on Mediterranean Archaeology, Florence, Italy, 1–3 March 2012, BAR Internationa Series, 2581 (II), pp. 901-908.
C. Megale, M. Bueno, S. Genovesi, Nuovi mosaici dalle terme della villa romana di Poggio del Molino (Populonia, LI), in C. Angelelli (a cura di), Atti del XVIII Colloquio dell’Associazione italiana per lo Studio e la Conservazione del Mosaico (Cremona 2012), pp. 517-526.
C. Baione, C. Corona, G. De Tommaso, S. Genovesi, C. Megale, Piombino (Li). Populonia, Villa di Poggio del Molino: breve sintesi della campagna 2011, «Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana», 7/2011, pp. 313-318.
G. De Tommaso, S. Genovesi, C. Megale, Piombino (Li). Populonia, Villa di Poggio del Molino: breve sintesi della campagna 2010, «Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana», 6/2010, pp. 364-369.
G. De Tommaso, F. Ghizzani Marcìa, C. Megale, La villa romana di Poggio del Molino e il Progetto Archeodig: un nuovo approccio all’archeologia sul campo, in G. Baratti, F. Fabiani (a cura di), Materiali per Populonia 9, Pisa 2010, pp. 163-180.
G. De Tommaso, C. Megale, F. Ghizzani Marcìa (2010), La villa romana di Poggio del Molino e il Progetto Archeodig: un nuovo approccio all’archeologia sul campo, in G. Baratti, F. Fabiani (eds.), Materiali per Populonia 9, Pisa, pp. 163-180.
G. De Tommaso, C. Megale, F. Ghizzani Marcìa (2010), Piombino (Li). Populonia, Villa di Poggio del Molino: nuove indagini, le campagne 2008 e 2009, «Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici dellla Toscana», 5/2009, pp. 352-356.
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Shepherd, E.J. (1986-87) Villa romanadi Poggio del Molino (Populonia, Livorno). RassAPiomb 6, 273–300