Location: Gazipasa, Antalya, Turkey
The Antiochia ad Cragum Archaeological Research Project (ACARP) announces its annual archaeological field school for the summer of 2016. Antiochia ad Cragum is located in ancient Rough Cilicia on the south coast of Turkey, approximately north of Cyprus. In summer 2016 we will continue excavation of the Great Bath Complex, focusing on the interior of the structure (Tepidarium) as well as exploring the area outside its courtyard. Also, we will continue excavating the Bouleuterion/Odeion that was discovered in 2015. In 2012 we uncovered one of several shops that lined the Colonnaded Street. In 2016 we will explore one of the other shops to further elucidate the commercial center of the ancient Roman-era city. Another smaller bath building may also be explored in 2016
Another major focus will be the city's acropolis where in 2014 we uncovered several Late Roman structures including a church.
Participants in the field school will learn comprehensive archaeological methods, including excavation and recording, mapping, surveying, object photography, and basic conservation techniques. Opportunities for field trips to nearby archaeological sites, such as Selinus, Lamos, Perge, Anamur, and the Alanya Museum will be arranged.
Historically the site with its harbor served as one of the havens for the Cilician pirates who operated from these shores and preyed upon shipping and coastal communities of the eastern Mediterranean during the first half of the first century BC. Pompey the Great ended the pirate scourge in 67 BC with a naval victory at nearby Coracesium (Alanya). The emperor Gaius ceded control of Rough Cilicia to a client-king of Rome, Antiochus IV of Commagene, for a brief period in AD 38, and was restored to power in 41 under Claudius. He ruled continuously until AD 72, during which period he founded the self-named city. After his removal by Vespasian in 72, the city, along with the rest of Rough Cilicia, fell under direct Roman rule as part of the enlarged province of Cilicia.
The ancient city of Antiochia ad Cragum occupies sloping ground that descends from the Taurus range down to the sea. In spite of the fact that the city is coastal, its center lies several hundred meters above sea level, protected on several sides by cliffs and steep slopes that offered protection from sea borne attack. The portion of the site where ancient architecture is still preserved lies within the confines of the modern village of Güney and extends over 24 ha in area. Perched on the city’s highest inhabited point, the Imperial Temple overlooks the city center.
The temple mound lies at the site’s highest point overlooking the city center. Most of the architectural material of the temple is preserved but exists in a collapsed state. Since 2005, ACARP has been methodically removing the blocks scattered on the mound and transporting them to adjacent blockfields for study. The removal of the blocks allows excavation to reveal the buried podium and foundation structure of the temple.
Antiochia ad Cragum is located in the village of Güney, approximately 20 km southeast of Gazipaşa, where the project headquarters is located and where participants stay. Gazipaşa itself lies approximately 40 km southwest of the tourist resort town of Alanya.
Period(s) of Occupation: Roman Imperial/Early Byzantine
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: Three Weeks
Room and Board Arrangements
The city of Gazipaşa, located on the Turkish south coast, is modest size, with a population of approximately 30,000 people. As in 2015, our accommodations (Excavation House) will be at a former pension, located within short walking distance from the town center. The pension has a number of air-conditioned rooms that we have converted into dormitory-style living quarters. Each room is equipped with four to six bunk-style beds and individual wardrobes. Meals when not in the field will be served at the Excavation House. The House is equipped with a modest kitchen and a washing machine. Wifi is available.
Breakfast and lunch is served each day at the site; dinner is provided at the Excavation House. Lunch and dinner is provided on Saturdays. No meal service on Sunday. Restaurants are available in town.
A nearby residence inn/government hotel (Gazipaşa Öğretmenevi) serves as the staff residence. Field school participants, particularly those who come as couples or those who wish a single room may prefer to stay at the hotel. Costs to stay at the hotel are not covered under the field school fees, but would be an additional cost. Rates for 2016 are not yet prepared, but based on 2015 costs one can expect the rates to be approximately 75 TL per person per night (about $25). Field school participants would have to pay for their own rooms by cash or credit card (Visa or Mastercard only). Participants need to inform the Project Director in advance if they wish reservations at the hotel.