Location: Casma, Ancash, Peru
The Proyecto de Investigación Arqueológica Nivín (PIAN) is an archaeological field project that aims to clarify the cultural affiliations of the groups that occupied the middle branch of the Casma Valley, from the Early Horizon (900 B.C.) to the Middle Horizon Periods (AD. 1000). The project is located in coastal Ancash, 23km east of the city of Casma.
The Casma Valley is famous for its early ceremonial centers, mainly built during the Initial Period. Those centers attracted the attention of early archaeologists and explorers and have been the subject of sustained fieldwork primarily in the Sechín Branch of the valley. Meanwhile, the cultural sequence for the Early Horizon and Early Intermediate periods remain elusive, particularly for the Moche phase. Wilson designated Nivín as the name for the Moche phase in the Casma Valley. The southernmost monumental center with Moche style public art known today is located in the Nepeña Valley. The fieldwork and material analysis in Nivín will provide information to determine the continuous human occupation of past groups, subsistence, and consumption patterns.
PIAN explores the potential of the Casma Valley as a frontier for the Southern Moche state. Also, this project aims to examine the material expressions of cultural identity in the Nivín region and focuses on the ways local groups articulated their artistic practices with broader sociopolitical phenomena including the Moche.
Period(s) of Occupation: Early Horizon (500 B.C.) to Middle Horizon (A.D. 1400)
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 4 weeks
Room and Board Arrangements
Room and board will be arranged for participants. Living accommodations will be basic in the city of Casma. We will have running water and electricity; internet access is not guaranteed, but there are many internet cafes in the city. The city of Casma is about 50 minute drive from the Nivín community. Participants must be willing to share quarters with others (including Peruvian archaeologists), and have a general attitude of cooperation.
Bria, Rebecca; and Elizabeth Cruzado
2015 Making the Past Relevant: Co-Creative Approaches to Heritage Preservation and Community Development at Hualcayán, Ancash, Perú. Advances in Archaeological Practice, 3 (3), pp. 208 – 222. The Society for American Archaeology.
Ghezzi, Ivan; and Clive Ruggles
2007 Chankillo: A 2300-Year-Old Solar Observatory in Coastal Peru. Science 315(5816):1239-1243.
2011 Estrategias de subsistencia en la periferia sur del imperio Chimú: el caso de Puerto Pobre, valle de Casma. Arqueología de la Costa de Ancash, edited by M. Giersz and I. Ghezzi. ANDES Boletín del Centro de Estudios Precolombinos de la Universidad de Varsovia 8:331-372. Centro de Estudios Precolombinos de la Universidad de Varsovia, Warsaw.
Mackey, Carol; and Alexandra Klymyshyn
1990 The Southern Frontier of the Chimu Empire. The Northern Dynasties: Kingship and Statecraft in Chimor. A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 12th and 13th October 1985, edited by Michael Moseley and Alana Cordy-Collins, pp. 195-206. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C.
2001 The Inca and Their Ancestors: The Archaeology of Peru. Revised edition. Thames and Hudson, London.
Pozorski, Shelia; and Thomas Pozorski
1987 Early Settlement and Subsistence in the Casma Valley, Peru. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City.
2006 Discoveries of Moche Ceramics in the Casma Valley, Peru. Ñawpa Pacha 28(1):129-140.
2012 Frontier Life in Ancient Peru: The Archaeology of Cerro La Cruz. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
2016 The Casma City of El Purgatorio. Ancient Urbanism in the Andes. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
1995 Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Casma Valley, North Coast of Peru: Preliminary Results to Date. Journal of Steward Anthropological Society 23(1/2):189-227.