New course 2015: Anthropology of the death at Pompeii and Sanisera. Digging different types of graves: burial, cremation and casts


Location: Pompeii - Naples, Italy

Season: 
July 26, 2015 to September 7, 2015

Session dates: 
1) July 26 -August 16; 2) August 17 - September 07, 2015

Application Deadline: 
Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Flyer: 039.pdf

Program Type

Field school

Affiliation:

The Sanisera Archaeology Institute offers over 20 international field schools focusing on archaeology, anthropology, GIS, underwater archaeology, conservation, art, museums and archaeological film. Student's fieldwork centers on the survey and excavation of classical sites. - See more at: http://archaeology.institute

Project Director:

Llorenç Alapont, Julie Thomas, Stephen Kay & Rosa Albiach

Project Description

Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools

http://archaeology.institute/sanisera-archaeology-institute.asp

Our commitment is to promote Archaeology in its different aspects of research, training, and conservation, with a basic and clear purpose: to involve anyone from around the world who wishes to gain access to this scientific field. Sanisera is an international archaeological organization whose main aim is that of promoting and developing research , so that our current and future generations can be enriched by culture and education in this field.

We are not only in Spain, but we also have courses in Greece, Portugal, France, UK, Croatia, Turkey and Italy. We offer students more than 20 courses that can enrich their CVs, validate university credits and get recommendation letters to enter the job market or get into prestigious scientific research centers.

Our work is focused on the archaeological study of ancient cities, anthropology, osteology, digging graves, conservation in archaeology, art, museums, excavate shipwrecks and submerged cities of ancient ports in the underwater school in archaeology, how to make a movie, learning GIS Software for archaeologists and discovering the most important monuments from Ancient civilizations such as Athens and Rome.

Why participate?

http://archaeology.institute/sanisera-archaeology-institute-why-participate.asp

General Information

The Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools organizes courses for students who come from all over the world to study abroad and who are interested in anthropology, bioarchaeology, digging graves and study human osteology.

This course is divided in two parts to excavate the Roman cities of Pompeii and Sanisera, where you can discover different forms of burial. In Pompeii you will have the opportunity to dig graves of different social status (nobility, soldiers and slaves) buried in graves of cremation or inhumation. Participants will also study casts of the dead people who died during the eruption of Vesuvius volcano. On the other hand, in Sanisera, students will excavate collective and individual tombs that keep their bones in excellent condition so that the student can learn osteology easily.

Part 1. Anthropology of the death at Pompeii (Naples, Italy)

The necropolis of Pompeii offers an extraordinary opportunity to study the people who inhabited the most researched and internationally renowned Roman Empire city, due to the disaster caused by the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius.

During 2015 will be scheduled a specialized intervention in bioarchaeology in three places with different types and forms of burials.

The first sector is located in one of the cemeteries next to one of the doors -Porta Nola- of the city walls of Pompeii. In this way, students will discover new tombs and objects to go into detail about social aspects, customs and rituals of its citizens.

The second intervention aims to dig with great detail the singular tomb of a famous character from Pompeii named Obellius Firmus, discovered in 1979. In the third action is intended to excavate a schola tomb in order to dig up cremation burials deposited in urns.

And finally, absolutely outstanding, another aspect also scheduled for this course will be the study of 15 casts of the bodies of dead people that have been discovered in Pompeii, people who died in terror while trying to leave the city during the volcano eruption in 79 AD. The victims were walking as they could in the darkness, helping each other, and unfortunately ended up falling suffocated by breathing ashes in a section of the street located close to the city walls.

The fieldwork focuses on funerary structures, specifically inhumation and cremation graves. Students will also participate in lectures on anatomy and skeletal pathologies, exercises and excursions related to the course material.

The organization of the scientific project brings together specialists in physical anthropology, experts in classical archeology and supervisors of institutions: British School At Rome, Museum and Department of Archaeology of CDL (Valencia, Spain) and Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni archeologici di Pompei, Ercolano e Stabi (Naples, Italy).

Course time dedicated: 50%.

Part 2. Digging roman graves in the Necropolis of Sanisera (Menorca, Spain)

Death in Rome has been studied in Sanisera since we started digging the first necropolis in 2008. So far we have excavated 90 tombs belonging to a Roman cemetery which could have been related to a basilica in the Roman city if Sanisera, which dates from the 4th and 6th centuries AD. The Osteology corpus in this necropolis includes more than 232 individuals.

The fieldwork focuses on funerary structures, specifically inhumation graves. Participants will learn and apply excavation techniques used in biological anthropology when excavating tombs. Students will also participate in lectures on skeletal anatomy and pathologies, classes, exercises and excursions related to the course material. In the laboratory participants will be instructed by an anthropologist and other archaeologists in the classification, study, and conservation of human remains and other related materials found.

Course time dedicated: 50%.

What you will learn

2.1. In the Fieldwork:

  • How to dig and which archaeological techniques are used.
  • Use and handling of the tools that are used during the excavation process.
  • Basic principles of stratigraphy.
  • Basic procedures for collecting C14 samples.

2.2. In the Laboratory

  • Cleaning, inventory and cataloging of recovered human bones during the excavation process.
  • Basics of the methods used in human osteological analysis, including skeletal anatomy, palaeodemography and palaeopathology.
  • Learning how to identify age, sex and height of buried individuals.
  • Relative dating based on the classification of archaeological artifacts discovered in stratigraphic sequence.

2.3. Theory

  • Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Bioarchaeology
  • Skeletal Anatomy –Terminology-: generalities, dental structure, skull and other bones.
  • History, archaeology, economy and culture of the Roman civilization.
  • Introduction to the History, urban planning, architecture and art of the Pompeii Site.
  • The background of Roman funerary rituals.

Directed at

If you are interested in studying anthropology or are already doing so in your school and would like to gain experience as a fieldwork volunteer excavating cemeteries and graves, this may be the best choice for you. This program accommodates participants with or without previous experience.

In the necropolis of Pompeii and Sanisera, without much physical exertion, and due to the stratigraphic conditions, you easily find and excavate tombs and their contents. You will excavate tombs and learn anthropological techniques used to recover human remains and grave goods. In the biological anthropology laboratory, you will learn how to treat and classify bones and grave goods recovered from the necropolis.    

This course is designed primarily for students interested in excavating human remains with fieldwork focusing on a Roman cemetery. Time dedicated to laboratory work is less than excavation time, but students will learn the basics of anatomy.

After completing this program, the experience gained will enable you to decide if biological anthropology is the area of study best for you and if you would like to continue on with anthropology in your professional future.

Both of the excavation sites are located on the northern coast of the island of Menorca, surrounded by the sea and pristine and dramatic Mediterranean landscapes. 

Finally, it should be underlined that participating in a course of Bioarchaeology that is carried out in fabulous Pompeii is something unusual and unique. It will be interesting to document related aspects of the eruption of Vesuvius and the way in which students will discover the dead and their belongings.

Previous knowledge or experience in archaeology or computer systems is not required.

Field School life & language

The fieldwork runs 7 hours a day with time dedicated to both excavations, the study of human osteology by the analysis of the skeletal remains.

Participants will learn and apply excavation techniques used in biological anthropology during fieldwork. In the laboratory, participants will follow guidelines set by an anthropologist and other specialists for the classification, study, and conservation of skeletal remains and other related material found.

Participants will also be given lectures on methodology, roman archaeology, human osteology and classification of archaeological materials.

Participants will visit other archaeological sites on the Naples coast through organized excursions. The course is taught in English and Spanish. For every seven course days there are two days off.

Certificates

At the end of the Field Program, students will receive a certificate of participation stating the hours and activities of the course. Participants that perform exceedingly well in the course may receive a letter of recommendation from our organization upon request.

Sessions & Cost

In 2015, 2 sessions, 22 days each

Session #1 July 26 - August 16 $ 2,800

Session #2 August 17 – September 07 $ 2,800

Spaces available

The course is limited to 8 participants per session. Reservations are only effective when payment of the registration fee is received. If for any reason the course is cancelled, payment is returned according to the field school refund policy.

Period(s) of Occupation: Roman (Classical Archaeology)

Project size: 
1-24 participants

Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 22 days

Minimum age: 
18 (contact with questions about age)

Experience required: 
no

Room and Board Arrangements

Course fee includes

  • Accommodation in the Student Residency
  • Meals.
  • Accident insurance at the site.
  • Daily transportation to/from the archaeological fieldwork.
  • Excursions.
  • Certificate of participation.
  • Flight to Naples - Menorca - Naples / Naples (students can only take a cabin bag weighing up to 10 kg with maximum dimensions of 55cm x 40cm x 20cm).

Airfare not included from the student home to/from Naples (Italy).

Entry tickets to museums and historical buildings are not included.

Cost: 
$2,800

Academic Credit

Name of institution offering credit: 
Please, contact Cesar Gonzalez, our course coordinator, in order to get more information about this possibility sanisera@arrakis.es http://archaeology.institute/sanisera-archaeology-institute-petition-for-credits.asp
Number of credits offered: none

Location

Contact Information
Cesar Gonzalez
APDO 68
Es Mercadal
Menorca
Spain
07740
Telephone: 
+1 347 8710963