Location: Manacor, Mallorca, Spain
Son Peretó is one of the most important sites for the period on the islands and a notable example of Early Christian architecture. Archaeologists have already uncovered a basilica, a baptistery with two baptismal basins, and two sectors of adjacent rooms used for funeral rites.
This coming year we will focus on the excavation and restoration of rooms next to the baptistery, and there is a good chance we'll also be digging inside the basilica.
Our objectives are the restoration and excavation of the main structures at Son Peretó. In June 2009, archaeologists found a washing basin used before church services next to a baptismal font. While this is not uncommon for this type of church, it is the first example found on Mallorca.
We have already completed the majority of the restoration work on the main baptismal font. At that time we removed the basin for restoration, and thus had the opportunity to excavate below. Piecing together a chronology of the various buildings and areas is another of our objectives for the coming year. While the evidence so far suggests the basilica was built during the Byzantine time around 500, other areas of the settlement could have been inhabited by previous cultures.
Son Peretó was first discovered in 1912 in a field near the town of Manacor. The first archaeological work uncovered a basilica-shaped church 21 meters long and 14 meters wide, with three naves separated by rows of columns. Subsequent excavations took place in 1967 by the University of Barcelona, focusing on the mosaic floors (now housed in the Manacor Historical Museum), and in the early 1980s by the Mallorca Museum and the universities of Palma and Barcelona.
The current project, managed by the Manacor Historical Museum and the University of Barcelona, began in 2005, and since then we have aimed to preserve and restore the remains uncovered during the 20th-century excavations, especially standing structures such as the foundations of several walls and untouched graves. So far the graves uncovered have been found in excellent condition.
Period(s) of Occupation: Byzantine
Minimum Length of Stay for Volunteers: 4 weeks
Room and Board Arrangements
The group will be staying at a traditional house in the village of Son Servera, next to the site.
Participants will share a bedroom with another person. The house also has a living/dining room, kitchen, bathroom, and laundry machine. All bedding is provided.
Son Servera is a peaceful village, perfect to get in contact with real daily life of the island. It has all the basics to cover our needs like ATM, pharmacies, supermarkets, doctor, shops...
The early Christian complex of Son Pereto (Mallorca, Balearic Islands):excavations in the `West Sector´(2005-2008). Miguel Angel Cau Ontiveros, Mateu Riera Rullán, Magdalena Salas i Burguera Archeologia medievale, ISSN 0390-0592, Nº. 39, 2012, págs. 231-243
La basilica paleocristiana de Son Peretó (Manacor, Mallorca): reflexiones acerca de su presentación. Margalida Castells ValdivielsoII Congreso Internacional sobre musealización de yacimientos arqueológicos : nuevos conceptos y estrategias de gestión y comunicación / coord. por Julia Beltrán de Heredia Bercero, Isabel Fernández del Moral, 2003, ISBN 84-932113-8-9, págs.119-124
Els mosaics de Son Peretó. Isabel M. Riera Oliver, R. Júlia Roman Quetglas. Manacor : Patronat de l'Escola Municipal de Mallorquí, 1995. ISBN 84-88256-09-4